What women and newborns need (2012)

1,541,000 PREGNANCIES A YEAR = HOW MANY EPISODES OF CARE ?
Iraq - Number and distribution of pregnancies (2012)
Number and distribution of pregnancies (2012)
0
<0.09
0.10-0.19
0.20-0.49
0.50-0.99
1.00-1.49
1.50-1.99
2.00-2.49
2.50-10.00
>10.00
APPROX
PRE-PREGNANCY
(all women of reproductive age)
=
13,143,000
family planning visits
ANTENATAL
(pregnancies x 4)
=
6,164,000
routine visits
BIRTH
=
1,049,000
skilled birth attendance
POST-PARTUM
(births x 4)
=
4,198,000
routine visits
POSTNATAL
(newborns x 4)

Workforce availability (2012)

Country classification of staworking in MNH
Time spent on MNH %
Midwives
1,269
100
Midwives, auxiliary
na
na
Nurse-midwives
-
100
Nurses
na
na
Nurses or nurse- midwives, auxiliary
na
na
Clinical ocers & medical assistants
na
na
Physicians, generalists
6,934
60
Obstetricians & gynaecologists
1,020
100
PRE-PREGNANCY
ANTENATAL
BIRTH
POST-PARTUM
POSTNATAL
ESTIMATED MET NEED=
31%
workforce time available
workforce time needed
Estimate of met need (national aggregate) based on available data

Geographic accessibility

Number of births with a skilled birth attendant (SBA) 2

Accessed a SBA
Did not access a SBA
No data on rural/urban SBA

MIDWIFERY EDUCATION 3

Minimum high-school requirement to start training
Grade 10 and above
Years of study required to qualify (rounded)
3
Standardized curriculum? Year of last update
No, na
Minimum number of supervised births in curriculum
na
Number of 2012 graduates/as % of all practising midwives
584/46
% of graduates employed in MNH within one year
-

MIDWIFERY REGULATION

Legislation exists recognizing midwifery as an autonomous profession
Yes
A recognized definition of a professional midwife exists
Yes
A government body regulates midwifery practice
Yes
A licence is required to practise midwifery
Yes
A live registry of licensed midwives exists
Yes
Number of EmONC basic signal functions that midwives are allowed to practise (out of a possible 7)
4
Midwives allowed to provide injectable contraceptives/intrauterine devices
No/No

PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS 4

Year of creation of professional associations
1959, 1971, 2012
Roles performed by professional associations:
Continuing professional development
Yes
Advising or representing members accused of misconduct
Yes
Advising members on quality standards for MNH care
Yes
Advising the Government onpolicy documents related to MNH
Yes
Negotiating work or salary issues with the Government
No
na = not applicable; - = missing data

PROJECTED NUMBER OF PREGNANCIES BY YEAR: URBAN VS. RURAL

ESTIMATES AND PROJECTIONS TO 2030

WHAT IF... Estimates of met need based on available data.

1
The number of pregnancies was reduced by 20% by 2030?
1.9 million
CURRENT
1.5 million
SCENARIO

Immediate increase in met need for pregnancy, birth, post-partum/postnatal care. Acceleration in met need for pre- pregnancy services from 2028 onwards.

2
The number of midwife, nurse and physician graduates doubled by 2020?
CURRENT
32 % MET NEED 2030
SCENARIO
39 % MET NEED 2030
3
Efficiency improved by 2% per year until 2030?
CURRENT
32 % MET NEED 2030
SCENARIO
37 % MET NEED 2030
4
Attrition was halved in the next 5 years (2012-2017)?
4 % leak
CURRENT
32 % MET NEED 2030
2 % leak
SCENARIO
35 % MET NEED 2030

CURRENT TRAJECTORY

32 % MET NEED 2030

WHAT IF... TRAJECTORY

55 % MET NEED 2030
1. These health worker categories include the following country titles - Midwives: includes midwives; Nurse-midwives: includes nurse-midwives; Generalist physicians: includes generalist physicians, family physicians and paediatricians; Obstetricians & gynaecologists: includes obstetricians & gynaecologists. Source: SoWMy 2014 or secondary sources (WHO Global Health Observatory; government policy documents).
2. Rural/urban SBA coverage is not available. Figure refers to rural/urban births only.
3. Information refers to the midwife cadre category.
4. National associations for midwifery and nursing.

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