UNFPA Thailand

A middle-income country, Thailand has faced various challenges relating to population changes brought about by socioeconomic development. A low birth rate is straining human resource for future development, while rapid urbanization is shifting family structures. Located at the centre of Southeast Asia, Thailand has welcomed millions of foreign migrants each year. UNFPA programmes help to address these challenges. With a high number of adolescent pregnancies, special attention is given to the needs of young people.

Data overview View more


  • Population aged 0-14

  • Population aged 15-64

  • Population aged 65+

Maternal and newborn health

  • Births attended by skilled health personnel

Sexual and reproductive health

  • CPR any method

  • Unmet need



Total fertility rate, per woman, 2010-2015

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth (years), 2010-2015

Harmful Practices

Child marriage by age 18, per cent, 2006-2017

  • Child marriage by age 18

Demographic Dividend: Thailand View more

Population Pyramid

Population in thousands

Life Expectancy

Total fertility rate

Select year range
Year: 2018
Source: United Nations, Population Division, World Population Prospects: 2017 Revision
Key results of Thailand in 2018 View more
Expenditure View more

Programme activities

  • All resources
  • Core
  • Non - core