Armenia faces multiple challenges, from high unemployment and a rapidly ageing population to a sex ratio skewed in favour of boys. Contraceptive use and maternal mortality rates have improved and the number of abortions has declined. Since 1999, UNFPA has supported new policies and services to broaden access to quality reproductive health care, particularly for vulnerable groups. It has helped develop the skills of health-care providers, and cultivate new capabilities for preventing HIV. Efforts to advance gender equality incorporate data collection and analysis to guide actions towards the reduction of gender-based violence.