Costa Rica has heavily invested in social services, but a quarter of its people are still poor. Social inequalities have increased, especially among women, youth, indigenous people, people of African descent and migrants in general. Despite declining birth rates, a large number of women still have unwanted pregnancies. UNFPA has provided assistance since 1984. Support is geared towards achieving universal access to sexual and reproductive health care, orienting reproductive health policy to young people, implementing the national gender equality policy, and bolstering measures to prevent and respond to gender-based violence.