UNFPA India

Although its fertility rate has declined from about 3.6 to 2.4 children in the last three decades, India is projected to become the world’s most populous nation by 2028, with a population of some 1.45 billion. Now a middle-income country, India has seen significant improvements in health and education but wide inequalities persist. Maternal mortality and gender discrimination remain high. Early marriage and pregnancy contribute to excessive maternal death among women under 24. The low status of women is a factor as well, one that is reflected in an extremely skewed ratio of girls to boys.

Data overview View more

Population

  • Population aged 0-14

  • Population aged 15-64

  • Population aged 65+

Maternal and newborn health

  • Births attended by skilled health personnel

Sexual and reproductive health

  • CPR any method

  • Unmet need

Education

Fertility

Total fertility rate, per woman, 2010-2015

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth (years), 2010-2015

Harmful Practices

Child marriage by age 18, per cent, 2006-2017

  • Child marriage by age 18

Demographic Dividend: India View more

Population Pyramid

Population in thousands

Life Expectancy

Total fertility rate

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Year: 2018
i
Source: United Nations, Population Division, World Population Prospects: 2017 Revision
Key results of India in 2018 View more
Expenditure View more

Programme activities

  • All resources
  • Core
  • Non - core

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