UNFPA India

Although its fertility rate has declined from about 3.6 to 2.4 children in the last three decades, India is projected to become the world’s most populous nation by 2028, with a population of some 1.45 billion. Now a middle-income country, India has seen significant improvements in health and education but wide inequalities persist. Maternal mortality and gender discrimination remain high. Early marriage and pregnancy contribute to excessive maternal death among women under 24. The low status of women is a factor as well, one that is reflected in an extremely skewed ratio of girls to boys.

Data overview View more

Population

Population, by age group, per cent
  •  
    Population aged 0-14
  •  
    Population aged 15-64
  •  
    Population aged 65+

Maternal and newborn health

Births attended by skilled health personnel, per cent, 2014-2019
  •  
    Births attended by skilled health personnel

Sexual and reproductive health

Contraceptive prevalence rate and unmet need
  •  
    CPR any method  
  •  
    Unmet need  

Education

Total net enrolment rate, percent

Fertility

Total fertility rate, per woman, 2021

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth (years), 2021

Harmful Practices

Key results of India in 2020 View more

Supply chain management strategy

A costed supply chain management strategy was in place, taking into account the UNFPA/WHO implementation guide on ensuring rights-based contraceptive delivery

Census sample availability

A representative sample of census data was released within 12 months of launching the main census report

Small area estimations

Small area estimations of sexual and reproductive health indicators were generated and used for programme planning

Life skills programmes for girls

1,432,031
Marginalized girls were reached with health, social and economic asset-building programmes

Advocacy platforms against harmful social norms

22
Communities developed advocacy platforms to eliminate discriminatory gender and sociocultural norms which affect women and girls

Child, early and forced marriage

4,922,819
Girls received, with support from UNFPA, prevention, protection services, and/or care related to child, early, and forced marriage
2020 Humanitarian results achieved for India View more
People reached with Dignity Kits in 1 countries
Appeal Country People reached with Dignity Kits
India 3435
Women reached with sexual and reproductive health services, including antenatal and postnatal care, emergency obstetric and newborn care services in 1 countries
Appeal Country Women reached with sexual and reproductive health services, including antenatal and postnatal care, emergency obstetric and newborn care services
India
People reached with adolescent sexual and reproductive health services, supplies and information in 1 countries
Appeal Country Women reached with sexual and reproductive health services, including antenatal and postnatal care, emergency obstetric and newborn care services
India
Safe spaces supported by UNFPA (includes safe spaces for women, girls and youth) in 1 countries
Appeal Country Safe spaces supported by UNFPA (includes safe spaces for women, girls and youth
India
Health Facilities that provide Emergency Obstetric Care, supported by UNFPA in 1 countries
Appeal Country Health Facilities that provide Emergency Obstetric Care, supported by UNFPA
India
Personnel trained on various aspects of sexual and reproductive health, including the Minimum Initial Service Package in 1 countries
Appeal Country Personnel trained on various aspects of sexual and reproductive health, including the Minimum Initial Service Package
India 230000
Demographic Dividend: India View more

Population Pyramid

females
males
Population in thousands

Life Expectancy

Total fertility rate

Select year range
Year: 2018 Note: Years 2017 to 2100 are projected data.
i
Source: United Nations, Population Division, World Population Prospects: 2017 Revision

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