Viet Nam has achieved rapid economic growth and reduced poverty, but profound disparities remain among different groups and regions. Maternal mortality is much higher in some areas and among ethnic minorities. UNFPA’s engagement dates back to 1977. Today, it focuses on strengthening the health system to provide universal access to sexual and reproductive health care for youth, ethnic minorities, and domestic violence survivors. It highlights emerging issues such as ageing, advocates for comprehensive social protection, and supports rectifying a sex ratio imbalance skewed towards boys.