Ethiopia Humanitarian Emergency

A young woman in bright yellow headscarf.
UNFPA Ethiopia/Abraham Gelaw

Ethiopia continues to face mounting humanitarian challenges associated with its diverse geo-climatic, socio-economic conditions, and conflict. Currently the country is facing drought in the southern, eastern and south eastern parts. The situation deteriorated largely in the Somalie region of Ethiopia. Protracted drought, compounded by conflict and drought induced displacement, has left at least 8.5 million people in need of relief assistance, up from 5.6 million at the beginning of this year. Of the total population identified for urgent humanitarian assistance, UNFPA estimates the number of women of reproductive age in the drought affected areas to be 1,980,500. In addition, Ethiopia hosts one of the largest refugee populations in Africa and continues to receive a steady influx from neighboring countries including South Sudan (majority), Somalia and Eritrea.  Currently it hosts the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 893,938 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 30 November 2017. During crises, one in five women of childbearing age is likely to be pregnant, and some 60 per cent of maternal deaths occur in countries affected by humanitarian crises and fragile contexts. Within the context of competing humanitarian priorities in the country, UNFPA is primarily concerned about protection and access to live-saving emergency obstetric care and critical sexual and reproductive health (SRH), including contraception. Affected and vulnerable populations are often unable to access functioning health facilities for SRH and for services that prevent and respond to gender based violence (GBV) services. UNFPA and partners are working to provide these services as well as supporting the government in conducting seasonal and other needs assessments. 

Country Population: 99.4 mil
Level of Crisis:
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3

Humanitarian needs

10.72 million
2.68 million
3.65 million
Last updated on - 01 January 2017
UNFPA Ethiopia/Abraham Gelaw

Humanitarian funding

Resources in $

Key results2017

  • People Reached
    Women and girls accessing services provided through Service Delivery Points (SDPs) that are equipped with Post-Rape Kits
  • Services delivered
    Number of mobile clinics
    Functional health facilities supported by UNFPA that provide Emergency Obstetric Care (EmOC)
    Number of safe spaces
    Number of service delivery points supported that provide clinical management of rape
  • Capacity building
    Youth facilitators and volunteers trained on sexual and reproductive health
    Personnel trained on Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care
    Personnel trained on Minimum Initial Package (MISP)
    Personnel trained on clinical management of rape
    Personnel trained on psycho-social support
    Health personnel trained on gender-based violence case management
  • Results data are reported and updated as they become available.
  • - Targets and UNFPA's populations of concern, including women of reproductive age and pregnant women, are estimated using the MISP calculator.
  • - Funding estimates are based on country planning processes, including inter-agency humanitarian response plans and regional refugee and resilience plans.
  • L1: Humanitarian crises in which the national and international resources available in the affected country are sufficient for the required response.
  • L2: Humanitarian crises requiring significant support from neighbouring countries, regional organizations and possibly humanitarian agency headquarters.
  • L3: Major, sudden-onset humanitarian crises requiring mobilization across the humanitarian system.
  • Crisis levels are determined by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee, a forum of UN and non-UN humanitarian partners.