UNFPA El Salvador

A low middle-income country with half the population below the age of 25, El Salvador suffers from high socioeconomic and gender inequity. High emigration rates, coupled with a slowly decreasing total fertility rate, are contributing to a rapidly ageing population. With approximately one third of all births taking place to women under age 19, UNFPA supports programmes to prevent adolescent pregnancy. Key initiatives also focus on preventing sexual violence and caring for survivors. UNFPA’s cooperation with El Salvador began in 1973.

Data overview View more


  • Population aged 0-14

  • Population aged 15-64

  • Population aged 65+

Maternal and newborn health

  • Births attended by skilled health personnel

Sexual and reproductive health

  • CPR any method

  • Unmet need



Total fertility rate, per woman, 2010-2015

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth (years), 2010-2015

Harmful Practices

Child marriage by age 18, per cent, 2006-2017

  • Child marriage by age 18

Demographic Dividend: El Salvador View more

Population Pyramid

Population in thousands

Life Expectancy

Total fertility rate

Select year range
Year: 2018
Source: United Nations, Population Division, World Population Prospects: 2017 Revision
Key results of El Salvador in 2018 View more
Expenditure View more

Programme activities

  • All resources
  • Core
  • Non - core