Nepal is highly susceptible to natural hazards such as earthquakes and floods. Vulnerabilities are compounded by poverty; around a quarter of the population lives in extreme poverty, many in remote and hard-to-reach areas. Availability and quality of public services, including healthcare, is limited. UNFPA co-leads humanitarian preparedness and response in the areas of sexual and reproductive health and gender-based violence prevention and response, together with relevant Government ministries. UNFPA’s preparedness work focuses on enhancing coordination, strengthening capacities of service providers and other stakeholders, developing and updating disaster preparedness plans and guidelines, and prepositioning life-saving relief materials, including reproductive health and dignity kits. In response to disasters, UNFPA distributes these kits and provides SRH and GBV services and information to affected populations, particularly women and young people.