Población mundial

El tablero de la población mundial presenta datos sobre fertilidad, paridad de género en la escuela, información sobre salud sexual y reproductiva, y mucho más. Juntos, estos datos destacan la salud y los derechos de las personas en todo el mundo, especialmente las mujeres y los jóvenes. Las cifras presentadas por el UNFPA y otros organismos de las Naciones Unidas se actualizan anualmente.

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      • Esperanza de vida
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      Población total en millones, 2021

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      Population aged 0-14, per cent, 2021
      Population aged 10-19, percent, 2021
      Population aged 10-24, per cent, 2021
      Population aged 15-64, per cent, 2021
      Population aged 65 and older, per cent, 2021
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      Range of MMR uncertainty (UI 80%), Lower estimate, 2017
      Range of MMR uncertainty (UI 80%), Upper estimate, 2017
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      Contraceptive prevalence rate, all women aged 15-49, any method, per cent, 2021
      Contraceptive prevalence rate, Married or in union women aged 15-49, any method, per cent, 2021
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      Contraceptive prevalence rate, all women aged 15-49, modern method, per cent, 2021
      Contraceptive prevalence rate, Married or in union women aged 15-49, modern method, per cent, 2021
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      Unmet need for family planning rate, all women aged 15-49, per cent, 2021
      Unmet need for family planning rate, Married or in union women aged 15-49, per cent, 2021
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      Total net enrolment rate, primary education, percent, 2010-2020
      Total net enrolment rate, lower secondary education, percent, 2010-2019
      Total net enrolment rate, upper secondary education, percent, 2009-2019
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      Gender parity index, total net enrolment rate, primary education, 2010-2020
      Gender parity index, total net enrolment rate, lower secondary education, 2010-2019
      Gender parity index, total net enrolment rate, upper secondary education, 2009-2019
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      Life expectancy at birth, years, 2021, male
      Life expectancy at birth, years, 2021, female
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      Existe una disputa entre los gobiernos de Argentina y el Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda del Norte sobre la soberanía de las Islas Malvinas (Falkland Islands).
      Las fronteras, los nombres y las designaciones que aparecen en este mapa no comportan el respaldo o la aceptación oficial por parte de las Naciones Unidas.

      Población

      Población, por grupo de edad, porcentaje
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        Población de 0 a 14 años,en porcentaje
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        Población de 15 a 64, años,en porcentaje
      •  
        Population aged 65+

      Salud materna y neonatal

      Nacimientos atendidos por personal sanitario calificado, porcentaje, 2014-2019
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        Nacimientos atendidos por personal sanitario calificado

      Planificación familiar

      Tasa de prevalencia de anticonceptivos y necesidad insatisfecha
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        Tasa de prevalencia del uso de anticonceptivos, cualquier método  
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        Demanda no satisfecha  

      Educación

      Total net enrolment rate, percent

      Fecundidad

      Tasa global de fecundidad, por mujer, 2021

      Esperanza de vida

      Esperanza de vida al nacer (años), 2021

      Prácticas nocivas

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      aThe MMR has been rounded according to the following scheme: <100, rounded to nearest 1; 100-999, rounded to nearest 1; and >1000, rounded to nearest 10.
      1On 29 November 2012, the United Nations General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19, which accorded Palestine “non-member observer State status in the United Nations...”
      aPercentage of girls aged 15-19 years who are members of the Sande society. Membership in Sande society is a proxy for female genital mutilation.
      bFor ever-partnered women age 18+.
      cFor ever-partnered women age 18-49.
      dFor ever-partnered women age 15-64.
      eFor ever-partnered women age 15-44.
      fFor ever-partnered women age 18-50.
      gFor ever-partnered women age 15+.
      1For statistical purposes, the data for Netherlands do not include this area.
      2Including Christmas Island, Cocos Keeling Islands and Norfolk Island.
      3Including Nagorno-Karabakh.
      4For statistical purposes, the data for China do not include Hong Kong and Macao, Special Administrative Regions (SAR) of China, and Taiwan Province of China.
      5As of 1 July 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China. For statistical purposes, the data for China do not include this area.
      6Refers to the whole country.
      7As of 20 December 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region SAR of China. For statistical purposes, the data for China do not include this area.
      8For statistical purposes, the data for Denmark do not include Faroe Islands, and Greenland.
      9Including Åland Islands.
      10For statistical purposes, the data for France do not include French Guiana, French Polynesia, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, New Caledonia, Réunion, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin French part, Wallis and Futuna Islands.
      11For statistical purposes, the data for France do not include this area.
      12Including Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
      13For statistical purposes, the data for United States of America do not include this area.
      14Including Sabah and Sarawak.
      15Including Agalega, Rodrigues and Saint Brandon.
      16Including Transnistria.
      17For statistical purposes, the data for Netherlands do not include Aruba, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten (Dutch part).
      18For statistical purposes, the data for New Zealand do not include Cook Islands, Niue, and Tokelau.
      19Including Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands.
      20Including East Jerusalem.
      21Including Kosovo.
      22Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.
      23Including Zanzibar.
      24Refers to the territory of the country at the time of the 2001 census.
      25Refers to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. For statistical purposes, the data for United Kingdom do not include Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Channel Islands, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Gibraltar, Isle of Man, Montserrat, Saint Helena, Turks and Caicos Islands.
      26For statistical purposes, the data for United States of America do not include American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and United States Virgin Islands.

      DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS
      Maternal mortality ratio: Number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time period. (SDG indicator 3.1.1)
      Births attended by skilled health personnel: Percentage of births attended by skilled heath personnel (doctor, nurse or midwife). (SDG indicator 3.1.2)
      Number of new HIV infections, all ages, per 1,000 uninfected population: Number of new HIV infections per 1000 person-years among the uninfected population. (SDG indicator 3.3.1)
      Contraceptive prevalence rate: Percentage of women aged 15 to 49 who are currently using any method of contraception.
      Contraceptive prevalence rate, modern method: Percentage of women aged 15 to 49 who are currently using any modern method of contraception.
      Unmet need for family planning: Percentage of women aged 15 to 49 who want to stop or delay childbearing but are not using a method of contraception.
      Proportion of demand satisfied with modern methods: Percentage of total demand for family planning among women aged 15 to 49 that is satisfied by the use of modern contraception. (SDG indicator 3.7.1)
      Laws and regulations that guarantee access to sexual and reproductive health care, information and education: The extent to which countries have national laws and regulations that guarantee full and equal access to women and men aged 15 years and older to sexual and reproductive health care, information and education. (SDG indicator 5.6.2)
      Adolescent birth rate: Number of births per 1,000 adolescent girls aged 15–19. (SDG indicator 3.7.2)
      Child marriage by age 18: Proportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 18. (SDG indicator 5.3.1)
      Female genital mutilation prevalence among girls aged 15-19: Proportion of girls aged 15-19 years who have undergone female genital mutilation. (SDG indicator 5.3.2)
      Intimate partner violence, past 12 months: Percentage of ever-partnered women and girls aged 15 to 49 who have experienced physical and/or sexual partner violence in the previous 12 months. (SDG indicator 5.2.1)
      Decision making on sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights: Percentage of women aged 15-49 years who are married (or in union), who make their own decisions on three areas – their healthcare, use of contraception, and sexual intercourse with their partners. (SDG indicator 5.6.1). As this report went to press, updated data for this SDG indicator became available. The updated figures are available at https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/indicators/database/.
      Total net enrolment rate, primary education: Total number of students of the official age group for primary education who are enrolled in any level of education, expressed as a percentage of the corresponding population.
      Gender parity index, total net enrolment rate, primary education: Ratio of female to male values of total net enrolment rate for primary education.
      Total net enrolment rate, lower secondary education: Total number of students of the official age group for lower secondary education who are enrolled in any level of education, expressed as a percentage of the corresponding population.
      Gender parity index, total net enrolment rate, lower secondary education: Ratio of female to male values of total net enrolment rate for lower secondary education.
      Toal net enrolment rate, upper secondary education: Total number of students of the official age group for upper secondary education who are enrolled in any level of education, expressed as a percentage of the corresponding population.
      Gender parity index, total net enrolment rate, upper secondary education: Ratio of female to male values of total net enrolment rate for upper secondary education.
      Total population: Estimated size of national populations at mid-year.
      Average annual rate of population change: Average exponential rate of growth of the population over a given period, based on a medium variant projection.
      Population aged 0-14, percent: Proportion of the population between age 0 and age 14.
      Population aged 10-19, percent: Proportion of the population between age 10 and age 19.
      Population aged 10-24, percent: Proportion of the population between age 10 and age 24.
      Population aged 15-64, percent: Proportion of the population between age 15 and age 64.
      Population aged 65 and older, percent: Proportion of the population aged 65 and older.
      Total fertility rate: Number of children who would be born per woman if she lived to the end of her childbearing years and bore children at each age in accordance with prevailing age-specific fertility rates.
      Life expectancy at birth: Number of years newborn children would live if subject to the mortality risks prevailing for the cross section of population at the time of their birth.

      MAIN DATA SOURCES
      Maternal mortality ratio: United Nations Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-agency Group (WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, The World Bank, and the United Nations Population Division).
      Births attended by skilled health personnel: Joint global database on skilled attendance at birth, 2020, United Nations Children\'s Fund (UNICEF) and World Health Organisation (WHO). Regional aggregates calculated by UNFPA based on data from the joint global database.
      Number of new HIV infections, all ages, per 1,000 uninfected population: UNAIDS.
      Contraceptive prevalence rate: United Nations Population Division.
      Contraceptive prevalence rate, modern method: United Nations Population Division.
      Unmet need for family planning: United Nations Population Division.
      Proportion of demand satisfied with modern methods: United Nations Population Division.
      Laws and regulations that guarantee access to sexual and reproductive health care, information and education: UNFPA.
      Adolescent birth rate: United Nations Population Division.
      Child marriage by age 18: UNICEF. Regional aggregates calculated by UNFPA based on data from UNICEF.
      FGM prevalence among girls aged 15-19: UNFPA.
      Intimate partner violence, past 12 months: UNFPA. Regional estimates generated by Violence Against Women Inter-Agency Group on Estimation and Data (WHO, UN Women, UNICEF, UNSD, UNODC, and UNFPA).
      Decision making on sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights: UNFPA. As this report went to press, updated data for this SDG indicator became available. The updated figures are available at https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/indicators/database/.
      Total net enrolment rate, primary education: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS).
      Gender parity index, total net enrolment rate, primary education: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS).
      Total net enrolment rate, lower secondary education: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS).
      Gender parity index, total net enrolment rate, lower secondary education: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS).
      Total net enrolment rate, upper secondary education: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS).
      Gender parity index, total net enrolment rate, upper secondary education: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS).
      Total population: United Nations Population Division.
      Average annual rate of population change: United Nations Population Division.
      Population aged 0-14, percent: UNFPA calculation based on data from United Nations Population Division.
      Population aged 10-19, percent: UNFPA calculation based on data from United Nations Population Division.
      Population aged 10-24, percent: UNFPA calculation based on data from United Nations Population Division.
      Population aged 15-64, percent: UNFPA calculation based on data from United Nations Population Division.
      Population aged 65 and older, percent: UNFPA calculation based on data from United Nations Population Division.
      Total fertility rate: United Nations Population Division.
      Life expectancy at birth: United Nations Population Division.

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