A middle-income country, Bolivia remains one of Latin America’s poorest nations. Progress lags on development indicators including maternal health. UNFPA aims to strengthen public policies to uphold the universal right to access reproductive and sexual health services. Programmes help empower indigenous women, girls, adolescents and young people to exercise their rights, and encourage social movements to participate in shaping public policies. Other efforts focus on age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality education in schools, and on strengthening government capacities to produce and use population data.