Trends in Maternal Mortality:1990-2010

No. of pages: 44

Publication Date: 2012

Author: UNFPA, UNICEF, WHO, World Bank

Publisher: WHO

Globally, the total number of maternal deaths decreased by from 543 000 in 1990 to 287 000 in 2010. Likewise, the global maternal mortality ratio (MMR) declined from 400 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births in 1990 to 210 in 2010, representing an average annual decline of 3.1 per cent.

All developing regions experienced a decline in MMR between 1990 and 2010, with the highest reduction in the 20-year period in Eastern Asia (69 per cent) followed by Northern Africa (66 per cent), Southern Asia (64 per cent), Sub-Saharan Africa (41 per cent), Latin America and the Caribbean (41 per cent), Oceania (38 per cent) and finally Caucasus and Central Asia (35 per cent). Although the latter region experienced the lowest decline, its already low MMR of 71 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births in 1990 made it more challenging to achieve the same decline as another region with a higher 1990 MMR value.

Chapter 2 provides an overview of the definitions and approaches for measuring maternal mortality. Chapter 3 is a detailed description of the methodology employed in generating the estimates and a brief comparison with alternative approaches for estimating the global burden of maternal mortality. Chapter 4 presents the estimates and interpretation of the findings. Chapter 5 assesses the progress towards MDG 5 and the importance of improved data quality for estimating maternal mortality. The annexes and appendices present the sources of data for the country estimates, as well as MMR estimates for the different regional groupings used by the contributing agencies.

Related content

Publications

This Technical Brief summarizes the previous Compendium on social norm change to achieve gender equality, which provides a framework for programmatic approaches to norm change at scale. The Technical Brief and Compendium present promising strategies, tested approaches and...

Women learn about their rights and gender equality at a knowledge centre in Malito village, Shinyanga, Tanzania. @ UNFPA Tanzania/Karlien Truyens
Updates
Though its doors opened less than six months ago, a knowledge centre in the village of Malito in Msalala District, Shinyanga Region, is already changing lives.
Resources
The Gender Equality Strategy 2018–2021 was developed to complement the UNFPA Strategic Plan and guide operationalization of the gender and rights-related aspects of its results and resources framework.

Pages

We use cookies and other identifiers to help improve your online experience. By using our website you agree to this. To learn more, including how to change your settings, see our cookies policy.

X