Reaching women and girls across the line of fire in Myanmar’s Kachin conflict

16 February 2017
Author: UNFPA
Families, including pregnant women, children, and disabled and elderly people, have fled shelling and airstrikes in northern Myanmar’s Kachin State. © Metta Development Foundation

KACHIN STATE, Myanmar – Since the armed conflict in northern Myanmar’s Kachin State intensified in December, nearly 7,000 people have fled the area, often amid shelling and airstrikes. Among the people on the run are 260 pregnant women. Many of them are sleeping on the roadside, unable to find shelter. Their needs are acute.

The area is highly militarized, and ongoing fighting and unsafe routes restrict access to the people in need.

Through work with local humanitarian partner Health Poverty Action, UNFPA has delivered reproductive health care, clean delivery kits and dignity kits – which contain essential hygiene supplies including soap, sanitary napkins and clothing – through the lines of fire to pregnant, breastfeeding and vulnerable women.

Women are under threat of violence, including sexual violence, both in daytime and at night. High-risk situations include having to manage sanitation and menstrual hygiene without shelter, privacy or protection.

Hpauyam Kaw Mai cares for her disabled husband on the concrete floor of their temporary shelter at Hpumlum Yang camp. © Metta Development Foundation

Women and girls at risk of assault

While many people on the run remain unaccounted for, some have arrived at camps away from the fighting. There they are staying in halls without partitions and sleeping on concrete floors.

Many of the thousands of people who have fled were already living in camps, which they had to evacuate as the fighting approached. The conditions of extreme stress combined with lack of privacy mean that women and girls’ vulnerability to violence has escalated.

“Women and girls fear assault each time they have to go into the forest to relieve themselves, each time they go to sleep without a door to lock behind them,” says UNFPA field officer Kyaw Wai Aung, who delivered dignity kits to displaced women in Sadung Township.

With the help of Kachin Baptist Convention, UNFPA has also distributed solar lanterns to women and girls to improve their safety at night.

Displaced women like Hpauyam Kaw Mai are receiving support from UNFPA and partners. © Metta Development Foundation

And together with Metta Development Foundation, UNFPA is providing psychosocial support to the displaced people in both government-controlled and non-government-controlled areas in the conflict zone.

“I feel drained and without a soul”

Hpauyam Kaw Mai, 44, fled the embattled Maga Yang camp to find shelter at the Hpumlum Yang camp. She was among the last to leave because she was not able to move her three children – ages four, six and seven – or her disabled husband.

“We made children go to bed to the sound of gunfire, afraid of the bullets coming our way. We didn’t have enough to eat. I don’t remember how many days we got through without meals. I don’t know what happened to the children either. They would not eat, even when we were given some biscuits.”

UNFPA field officer Kyaw Wai Aung delivers dignity kits to women who have fled the conflict zone © UNFPA Myanmar

When two-thirds of the camp population were gone, Kaw Mai was told to get ready to leave. She packed the family’s bags, and also the roofing and other parts of her shelter. They had to spend two nights sleeping out in the cold before they could be evacuated. In a temporary shelter at Hpumlum Yang camp, Kaw Mai is ill and struggling to care for her family.

She is now receiving UNFPA-supported psychosocial care.

“I feel very small and vulnerable. I don’t know where to go and what to do. I don’t even know where I can collect a piece of firewood," she said. "I cannot bear the struggle any longer. I feel drained and without a soul.”

Population : 54.4 mil
Fertility rate
Maternal Mortality Ratio
Contraceptives prevalence rate
Population aged 10-24
Youth secondary school enrollment
Boys 61%
Girls 67%

Related content

"Standing in the dark was a person asking for my help – a baby was being born,” Shirin said. It was the start of the greatest challenge she had ever faced as a midwife.
Massive flooding in Sudan – the worst in 30 years – has created an ongoing humanitarian crisis, on top of the country’s existing COVID-19 health crisis.
Mahgul* vividly remembers the day she was engaged to be married. "I was 7," she said.