HIV and young men who have sex with men

Technical brief

No. of pages: 40

Publication Date: October 2015

Author: Interagency Working Group on Key Populations

Key populations at higher risk of HIV include people who sell sex, men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender people and people who inject drugs. Young people who belong to one or more of these key populations – or who engage in activities associated with these populations – are made especially vulnerable to HIV by factors including widespread discrimination, stigma and violence, combined with the particular vulnerabilities of youth, power imbalances in relationships and, sometimes, alienation from family and friends. These factors increase the risk that they may engage – willingly or not – in behaviours that put them at risk of HIV, such as frequent unprotected sex and the sharing of needles and syringes to inject drugs.

This technical brief is one in a series addressing four young key populations. It is intended for policy-makers, donors, service-planners, service-providers and community-led organizations. This brief aims to inform discussions about how best to provide health services, programmes and support for young MSM. It offers a concise account of current knowledge concerning the HIV risk and vulnerability of young MSM; the barriers and constraints they face to appropriate services; examples of programmes that may work well in addressing their needs and rights; and approaches and considerations for providing services that both draw upon and build to the strengths, competencies and capacities of young MSM.

See the other technical briefs in this series:

HIV and young people who inject drugs
HIV and young people who sell sex
HIV and young transgender people

Related content

News
UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin met today with Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra of Thailand, to discuss the implications of the country’s changing population and future cooperation between the UNFPA and the Royal Thai Government.
News
African leaders met in the Nigerian capital for the Abuja +12 Special Summit of the African Union on the challenges posed by HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria and other life-threatening diseases in Africa.
News
<p>Current population dynamics in Europe, North America and Central Asia must be seen as an opportunity, not a threat, senior officials of UNFPA and the UN Economic Commission for Europe said at the opening of the high-level ICPD regional review conference 'Enabling Ch

Pages