New estimates show 126,000 pregnant women affected by Nepal quake

29 April 2015
Author: UNFPA
Earthquake survivors survey the damage in Bungmati, on the outskirts of Kathmandu, Nepal. © UNFPA Nepal/Santosh Chhetri
Earthquake survivors survey the damage in Bungmati, on the outskirts of Kathmandu, Nepal. © UNFPA Nepal/Santosh Chhetri

UNITED NATIONS, New York/BUNGMATI, Nepal – Needs are quickly escalating in Nepal, in the aftermath of the 7.8-magnitude earthquake. The most recent UN estimates indicate more than 5,000 have been killed and 8 million people have been affected. Based on the latest available data, UNFPA now estimates some 2 million women and girls of reproductive age are among those affected – including some 126,000 pregnant women.

Laxmi Shakya, 31, gave birth just three days before the quake. © UNFPA Nepal/Santosh Chhetri

The Government of Nepal has declared a state of emergency. Disease risks are a growing concern, and communities are sleeping outside for fear of aftershocks, which continue to convulse the area.

Women and girls are among the most vulnerable. UNFPA has rushed the delivery of reproductive health kits, which contain the supplies required to support safe childbirth. UNFPA is also supplying dignity kits, containing essential hygiene supplies for women and girls of reproductive age, including soap and sanitary napkins.

UNFPA and partners are also working to prevent gender-based violence, which is known to increase in the aftermath of disasters.

View from the ground

Bungmati, on the outskirts of the capital, Kathmandu, is one of the hardest hit places in Lalitpur District. Survivors are crowding into temporary camps, some living under tarpaulin strung from the ruins of buildings.

Sanu Chori Maharjan, 36, with a group of women and children in a temporary shelter in Bungmati. Ms. Maharjan was on the roof of her home when the quake struck. © UNFPA Nepal/Santosh Chhetri

Women and girls urgently need support, survivors told UNFPA. Nursing mothers, women and adolescent girls all emphasized the need for nutritious food, sanitary napkins, warm clothes, soap and medicines, as well as more tarpaulins.

Sanu Chori Maharjan, 36, was on the roof of her three-story home when the earthquake struck. She was lucky to have escaped unharmed. Now she and her 9-year-old son are living with other women and children in a temporary shelter.

Nursing mothers have a particularly acute need for nourishment and hygiene supplies, Ms. Maharjantold UNFPA.

Survivors clear away debris in Bungmati, on the outskirts of Kathmandu, Nepal. © UNFPA Nepal/Santosh Chhetri

Laxmi Shakya, 31, is one such nursing mother. She had delivered her second baby just three days before the quake. She was breastfeeding her infant son when the ground began to shake, said. Ms. Shakyaand her children were not hurt, but they are now living outside, and their future is uncertain.

Fifteen-year-old Sharalata Bramacharya says girls need hygiene supplies, including sanitary napkins. Her family is living in a temporary shelter, and she and her mother have been able to collect drinking water from a nearby well. Others are not so fortunate – water scarcity is a major humanitarian concern.

UNFPA responding

UNFPA staff have been deployed to assess and address the needs of survivors. Shipments of aid materials have arrived and are being distributed in the worst-affected districts.

–Santosh Chhetri

Population : 29.9 mil
Fertility rate
Maternal Mortality Ratio
Contraceptives prevalence rate
Population aged 10-24
Youth secondary school enrollment
Boys 53%
Girls 57%

Related content

With more than 130 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Yemen, and dozens of deaths, the country is struggling to keep the full impact of the pandemic at bay, even as funds of life-sustaining health services are running out.
"I thought I was dying due to the long labour pains," said Maisarjaha Khatun. Her family struggled to find transport to the hospital.
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to expand in Latin America, following patterns seen in other parts of the world. Brazil, the largest and most populous country in the region, reports the highest number of confirmed cases and fatalities, followed by Peru, Ecuador, Mexico and...