New device brings midwifery education to remote, offline communities

7 December 2016
Author: UNFPA
Gebreamlak Giday teaches women about maintaining a healthy pregnancy, using a portable, solar-charged learning device. © UNFPA/Abraham Gelaw
Gebreamlak Giday teaches women about maintaining a healthy pregnancy, using a portable, solar-charged learning device. © UNFPA/Abraham Gelaw

AXUM, Ethiopia – Thirty pregnant women at the Almeda Textile Factory Clinic gathered around a small solar-powered projector, raptly watching an animation on pregnancy health.

Gebreamlak Giday walked them through the video lesson, explaining the importance of receiving antenatal care, how to recognize danger signs and why they should prepare for possible complications.

“It is a dream come true,” he later said of the solar-powered teaching device. 

Women use the mobile learning device at a midwifery training session in Tanzania. © UNFPA/Geeta Lal

Mr. Gebreamlak is an instructor at the midwifery department of Axum University, in northern Ethiopia, and he is part of a group of health professionals piloting the new mobile learning system.

He has been coordinating the use of the device for the past eight months, and could hardly hide his fascination with the technology.

Reaching remote health workers

The portable learning device, with its solar-charged battery, built-in Android tablet and pre-loaded multimedia training lessons, is designed to overcome challenges frequently encountered in rural areas with poor infrastructure, such as erratic electricity supply and poor internet connectivity.

Intended for teaching health professionals, the lessons cover life-saving skills such as post-partum haemorrhage, pre-eclampsia, obstructed labour, post-abortion care, family planning and essential newborn care. The training materials were developed by UNFPA, the World Health Organization and Jhpiego, and meet international clinical guidelines.

Lessons on a variety of related health topics, such as nutrition, are also available for health workers and communtiy members. 

UNFPA began pilot-testing the device in Ethiopia and Tanzania in March of this year. It quickly proved a success. Since then, over 2,700 midwives and health workers and individuals have received training.

Health workers at at Adwa Health Center, in Ethiopia, use the mobile device. © UNFPA/Abraham Gelaw

For students, midwives and communities

In Ethiopia, the technology has been piloted in seven health and training institutions – including three sites that Mr. Gebreamlak is overseeing – in the Tigray and Oromia Regions of Ethiopia. It has also been used by the Ethiopian Midwives Association.

Mr. Gebreamlak says it has improved the quality of education for midwifery students at Axum University, as it allows for a variety of teaching methodologies. It is also being used for mentoring health professionals at remote health institutions. 

Selamawit Giday, a health-care worker at the Adwa Health Center, says the trainings have helped improve her ability to manage childbirth complications. She added that the skills are also helping her colleagues provide compassionate and respectful maternal health care.

While the learning system is designed to teach small groups of health professionals, Mr. Gebreamlak says it has also been useful in reaching broader groups.

For example, influential members of the community, like religious leaders and elders, are occasionally gathered to learn about the benefits of antenatal care, giving birth under the care of a skilled health professional and receiving post-natal follow-up care. These efforts are helping to raise awareness of these issues in the wider community.

Selamawit Giday says the lessons are helping her and her colleagues provide sensitive and respectful maternal health care. © UNFPA/Abraham Gelaw

A promising initiative

Medhin Mehari, who trains health professionals at the Adwa Health Center to use the mobile learning system, says that although the modules are taught in English, “we are trying to address the language barrier challenge by taking time and discussing at length the lessons given in the modules using the local language.”

He and Mr. Gebreamlak both called for scaling-up the use of the learning system. Its value will be lost if more health workers are not trained to use it, and if more people are not reached with its lessons, they emphasized.

“I don’t want this promising initiative to die down,” Mr. Gebreamlak said.

– Abraham Gelaw

Population : 115 mil
Fertility rate
Maternal Mortality Ratio
Contraceptives prevalence rate
Population aged 10-24
Youth secondary school enrollment
Boys 31%
Girls 30%

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