Noticias

Courageous girls change attitudes about FGM in Ethiopia

1 Marzo 2018
Author: UNFPA
Uncut girls club members come together to change attitudes about FGM in the community. © UNFPA Ethiopia/Meron Negash
Uncut girls club members come together to change attitudes about FGM in the community. © UNFPA Ethiopia/Meron Negash

Durame, ETHIOPIA Genet Girma, 31, was a trailblazer in her community. Fifteen years ago, she ran away from home when she learned that her mother planned to have her undergo female genital mutilation (FGM).

As in many other communities in Ethiopia, FGM is deep-rooted in the Kembatta community, which Ms. Genet belongs to. The practice can cause lasting harm, including pain, infection, haemorrhage and complications in childbirth. It can even be fatal.

But Ms. Genet had learned about these consequences from local activists, and refused to undergo the procedure.

Fortunately, after leaving home, she ran into her fiancé. He told her he would support her. In fact, he said that he would only marry her if she were spared FGM.

“If I didn’t have support, especially from my partner, things would have gone wrong,” she recalled.

Genet and her family at the annual Wimetta "I am Whole" celebration. © UNFPA Ethiopia/Meron Negash

Changing minds

A local NGO, Kembatti Mentti-Gezimma (KMG), began working in the community around the same time Ms. Genet’s mother arranged the cutting.

KMG raises awareness about the harms of FGM, encouraging community members to mobilize against the practice. Since then, influential members of the community, youth advocates, empowered girls and others have come together to change attitudes about FGM. Information about FGM is also broadcast through local media.

Ms. Genet later married her fiancé – without being cut. Their families were initially unsupportive.

“No member of our families, from both sides, attended our wedding,” she recalled.

After the wedding, KMG visited the families to explain the consequences of FGM. Their parents eventually accepted Ms. Genet’s decision.

And other young couples in the community began to follow their lead.

“After my marriage, most of my friends got married to girls that are not circumcised,” Addise Abose, Ms. Genet’s husband, said. “I am happy that I have become an example.”

Nineteen-year-old Miheret Tadesse chairs the Uncut Girls’ Forum in her school. © UNFPA Ethiopia/Meron Negash

Celebrating being whole

Some 65 per cent of Ethiopian women, aged 15-49, have been subjected to FGM, according to a 2016 survey.

In the Kembatta community, the practice is traditionally considered a rite of passage into adulthood.

But activists have introduced an alternative rite of passage. In the annual “Wimetta” – or “I am Whole” – celebration, brave girls who have refused to undergo FGM are publicly recognized in their community. They receive a silver pendant.

“Uncut girls’ clubs” have also been formed, in which girls help to educate their peers, encourage families to change their views on FGM, and speak up for girls’ rights in the community. UNFPA partners with KMG to support these clubs. UNFPA also works with KMG to end child marriage and gender-based violence, and to promote reproductive health.

Nineteen-year-old Miheret Tadesse chairs the Uncut Girls’ Forum in her school.

We are teaching, in the school compound, girls from different villages about harmful practices, especially FGM,” she said.

The practice is on the decline in her community, she added.

Ethiopia
Población : 110.1 mil
Tasa de fertilidad
3.9
Proporción de mortalidad materna
353
Tasa de prevalencia de anticonceptivos
41
Población de 10 a 24 años
34%
Youth secondary school enrollment
Niños 31%
Niñas 30%

Related content

La Srta. Gebray quiere continuar su educación hasta el día en que decida casarse libremente. © UNFPA Etiopía/Abraham Gelaw
Noticias
A principios de este año, Haderu Gebray, de 15 años, fue detenida junto a sus padres por planificar su boda con un hombre mayor que ella al que no conocía.
Les dirigeants communautaires du gouvernorat d'Assiout parlent de mutilations génitales féminines . © Programme conjoint UNFPA-UNICEF pour l'élimination des mutilations génitales féminines
Noticias
"Alrededor del 75 % de las mutilaciones genitales femeninas en el país las realizan los médicos", afirmó el Dr. Ayman Sadek, experto en el tema.
Dulene Trik (sentada) con unas amigas en el campamento de desplazados Kologe II. Ella instruye a las mujeres acerca de la planificación familiar. © UNFPA Etiopía
Noticias
Dulene Trik sabe todo acerca de la intimidación y la coacción en lo que se refiere a las opciones reproductivas de una mujer.

Pages