Frequently Asked Questions
- What is UNFPA's goal?
- What is the UNFPA mandate?
- What does UNFPA stand for?
- Who funds and governs UNFPA?
- What is World Population Day?
- What is reproductive health?
- How does UNFPA’s work on population issues relate to its focus on reproductive health and gender issues?
- Does UNFPA promote abortion?
- How does emergency contraception work?
- Are condoms effective protection against HIV?
- What is fistula and what is UNFPA’s role in the Campaign to End Fistula?
- Is UNFPA involved in the issue of female circumcision?
- Where can I get the latest statistics on world population trends?
- Where can I get more specific information about what UNFPA does in specific countries?
- What can I do to support the work of UNFPA?
- Where do I find information about doing business with UNFPA?
The goal of UNFPA, as reflected in its mission statement, is to deliver a world a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, and every young person's potential is fulfilled. To accomplish this, UNFPA works to ensure that all people, especially women and young people, are able to access high quality sexual and reproductive health services, including family planning, so that they can make informed and voluntary choices about their sexual and reproductive lives.
The United Nations Fund for Population Activities was established as a trust fund in 1967 and began funding population programmes in 1969. In 1987, it was officially renamed the United Nations Population Fund, reflecting its lead role in the UN system in the area of population. The original abbreviation, UNFPA, was retained.
For general communications, UNFPA is used as the Fund’s working title in all languages. The full name is spelled out after the first reference. Official UN documents use the full, written-out name.
UNFPA is entirely supported by voluntary contributions of donor governments, intergovernmental organizations, private sector groups and foundations and individuals, not by the UN regular budget. Our latest annual report provides a complete list of donors and contributions.
The Fund is a subsidiary organ of the UN General Assembly. It reports to the UNDP/UNFPA Executive Board of 36 UN Member States on administrative, financial and programme matters and receives overall policy guidance from the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). The Executive Board is composed of 36 members: eight from Africa, seven from Asia and the Pacific, four from Eastern Europe, five from Latin America and the Caribbean, and 12 from Western Europe and other developed countries.
World Population Day, which seeks to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues, was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989. It was an outgrowth of the interest generated by the Day of Five Billion, which was observed on 11 July 1987. Since then, a number of a number of UNFPA Country Offices and other organizations and institutions mark that day. in partnership with governments and civil society, to bring bring attention to population issues with a variety of activities.
Reproductive health can be defined as a state of well-being related to one’s sexual and reproductive life. It implies, according to the ICPD Programme of Action, “that people are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so.” (para. 7.2)
By this definition, reproductive health encompasses sexual health, which in medical terms often connotes the absence of sexually transmitted infections. But the term “sexual and reproductive health” is generally used by UNFPA and others as a way to emphasize that people have a right to a safe and satisfying sex life, and appropriate health services, independent of their reproductive status.
Although universal access to reproductive health is a widely endorsed international goal, we have a long way to go to achieve that aim. Reproductive health concerns – including HIV and AIDS – are the leading cause of death and illness in women worldwide (15-44 years of age). And because reproductive health problems are borne disproportionately by women, it is also an issue of gender, inequality and human rights.
Reproductive health, in all its dimensions, remains the cornerstone of UNFPA assistance and the area in which we invest the highest proportion of our resources.
How does UNFPA’s work on population issues relate to its focus on reproductive health and gender issues?
Population dynamics, including growth rates, age structure, fertility and mortality, migration and more – influence every aspect of human, social and economic development. The other core areas of UNFPA’s work, including sexual and reproductive health and gender equality, powerfully influence population trends and dynamics.
Until 1994, population planning often took the form of reaching specific demographic targets. The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, however, underscored and reaffirmed the idea that individuals and couples are at the heart of development and enjoy the basic human right to decide freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children. These decisions, multiplied across communities and countries, and coupled with mortality and migration rates, are what create population trends.
UNFPA does not promote abortion as a method of family planning. Rather, it accords the highest priority to voluntary family planning to prevent unintended pregnancies to eliminate recourse to abortion. UNFPA helps governments strengthen their national health systems to deal effectively with complications of unsafe abortions, thereby saving women’s lives.
Some 13 per cent of maternal deaths are due to unsafe abortion. Therefore, its impact on women’s health, lives and well-being should be addressed, as nations agreed at Cairo. Post-abortion care should be provided. Where abortion is legal, national health systems should make it safe and accessible.
According to the World Health Organization, emergency contraception, or post-coital contraception, refers to methods of contraception that can be used to prevent pregnancy in the first few days after intercourse. It is intended for emergency use following unprotected intercourse, contraceptive failure or misuse (such as forgotten pills or torn condoms), rape or coerced sexual relations. Emergency contraceptive pills cannot interrupt an established pregnancy or harm a developing embryo.
The male latex condom is the single, most efficient, available technology to reduce the sexual transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, according to the UNAIDS Position Statement on Condoms and HIV Prevention. Condom use is a critical element in a comprehensive, effective and sustainable approach to HIV prevention and treatment, and condoms have played a decisive role in HIV prevention efforts in many countries. In some countries, female condoms are also beginning to play a larger role in HIV prevention.
Obstetric fistula is a devastating injury of childbearing that affects the lives of millions of women – mostly those who are poor, young and living in remote areas. Addressing this injury relates to many aspects of UNFPA’s mission, including ensuring that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect. For this reason, UNFPA spearheaded the global Campaign to End Fistula.
The accepted term for this practice is female genital mutilation. UNFPA considers it to be a harmful practice that violates the rights of girls and women. UNFPA and UNICEF cosponsor the Joint Programme on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting.
The website of Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs provides the latest world population data and projections used by the UN system, including UNFPA, in a variety of formats and analyses.
The Worldwide section of this website (searchable through the map application at the bottom of the home page can link you to websites for each of our programme countries as well as stories, searchable by topic, region and country, including data and statistics. You can also use the search function to find feature stories, news items and reports that provide details about programmes and activities in specific countries.
Our donations page provides a number of ways to give, including different currencies, campaigns and ways of paying. It also gives you an idea of how far your money can go.
Simply staying informed about the issues and sharing what you learn with others also makes a big difference. Increased public awareness of issues often leads to greater political support to address them. Visiting this website frequently is a good way to stay abreast of our work.
This section of the web, Frequently Asked Questions, was last updated in November 2014.