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Rural midwives help save mothers in Lao People’s Democratic Republic

10 April 2018
Author: UNFPA
Rural midwives help save mothers in Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Out's pregnancy is assessed by a midwife during an antenatal home visit. © UNFPA/Ruth Carr

THAPANGTHONG, Lao People’s Democratic Republic – “Just lie still and relax. Breathe slowly,” midwife Khoun Keobouttavong told Out, 30. Out was laying on the floor of her small stilt house in the southern Thapangthong District of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic.

Ms. Keobouttavong pressed a fetal stethoscope into Out’s belly. Out was about six months pregnant.

“The heart is beating well,” she told Out, smiling.

Ms. Keobouttavong is the only midwife covering the district, which includes eight villages and hundreds of residents.

Out, 30, has to forage for food, in addition to farming rice and caring for her two children. © UNFPA/Ruth Carr

Though she has a small clinic, she spends much of her time making house calls – when road conditions allow.

“For women who live in the main village, they can visit the clinic, but for those outside, there are obstacles,” she explained. “The roads are not good.”

There are also widespread misconceptions about the care she provides.

“There is a perception that antenatal care is not essential,” she said. “The previous generation gave birth at home, most often with the help of a traditional midwife [without professional training]. So sometimes they simply do not come.”

This makes it difficult to achieve one of her primary goals: reducing maternal mortality among the rural women here.

According to the most recent UN data, out of every 100,000 live births in the country, 197 women die of pregnancy-related causes – much higher than the regional average. Only about 40 per cent of births are attended by a skilled health professional, like a midwife or doctor.

Khamkong (right) is seven months pregnant. She says a woman in her village died of pregnancy complications. © UNFPA/Ruth Carr

Midwives trained to meet rural needs

There are now some 1,700 trained midwives working across the rural parts country, part of a 2012 government initiative to improve maternal health. UNFPA has supported these efforts, helping to develop a midwifery curriculum, training midwifery instructors and equipping midwifery schools.

Still, these midwives face a range of challenges – not only poor roads, but communication barriers as well. The country has dozens of ethnic groups, each with their own language and customs.

Grinding poverty also limits rural women’s access to care.

“They need to tend to rice crops and take care of children,” Ms. Keobouttavong said, explaining that many women do not have the time or resources to seek health care.

Out had to squeeze her check-up into a busy day of farm work. Afterward, she returned to the rice fields, and also cared for her two young children.

Khamkong is a farmer. Poverty and poor road conditions are barriers to maternal health care. © UNFPA/Ruth Carr

She told UNFPA that, to meet the family’s needs, she also forages for food every day. “I catch fish or frogs to eat or cut some bamboo, as we do not have money to buy food,” she said.

Family planning, up-to-date midwifery guidance

Khamkong, 21, is seven months pregnant. Like Out, she is a rice farmer.

She is aware pregnancies can be deadly, but comforted knowing that skilled care is available.

“I do feel very nervous because it is my first baby, and in the village where I am from, one woman died,” she told UNFPA. “I feel good having the midwife close by. I know she will take good care of me.”

The government is also looking to improve women’s health by increasing access to family planning.

Contraceptives reduce the incidence of dangerous pregnancy-related complications. Family planning also empowers women to stay in the classroom and workforce, helping them break the cycle of poverty.

A UNFPA-supported mobile phone app was recently launched for midwives, equipping them with up-to-date clinical guidance.  © UNFPA/Ruth Carr

“Family planning has a far-reaching social and economic impact,” said UNFPA’s representative in Lao PDR, Frederika Meijer.

UNFPA has supported the country’s family planning efforts since 1995, including by training health workers to provide contraceptive counselling and services. UNFPA has often been the sole provider of contraceptives to the government health system.

UNFPA is also working to keep midwifery care up-to-date. Last year, UNFPA released a mobile phone app for midwives, which contains the most recent clinical guidance as well as instructional videos.

A role model

For her part, Ms. Keobouttavong says that, although she is sometimes overwhelmed with the workload, she happy to see an increase in women seeking her services.

She hopes to set an example for the next generation.

She, too, grew up in the area, she explained. She was the only woman in her village to ever graduate from secondary school.

“I have some girls who want to talk to me about my education and some of the parents see that maybe it’s good for their daughters to stay in school. People see what I have done and so they have begun to think, maybe I can do that too,” she said.

– Ruth Carr

KhamkongKhamkong

Lao People's Democratic Republic
Population : 6.9 mil
Fertility rate
2.6
Maternal Mortality Ratio
197
Contraceptives prevalence rate
56
Population aged 10-24
31%
Youth secondary school enrollment
Boys 52%
Girls 50%