Human Rights

Core International Human Rights Instruments

There are seven core international human rights treaties. Each of these treaties has established a committee of experts to monitor implementation of the treaty provisions by its States parties. Some of the treaties are supplemented by optional protocols dealing with specific concerns.

Treaty Date

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD)

1965

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

1966

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

1966

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

1979

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT)

1984

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

1989

International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICMRW)

1990

Treaty bodies

There are seven human rights treaty bodies that monitor implementation of the core international human rights treaties :

Other International Conference Documents and Meetings Relevant to UNFPA's work

Consensus Document/Meeting Date

Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women

1993

World Conference on Human Rights, Declaration and Programme of Action (‘Vienna Declaration')

1993

International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD or Cairo Consensus)

1994

Fourth World Conference on Women (Also, FWCW or ‘Beijing'), Declaration and Platform for Action

1995

Glen Cove Meeting: Human rights approaches to women's health with a focus on sexual and reproductive health and rights

1996

United Nations Programme for Reform

1997

International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights (last revised 2002)

1998

Millennium Declaration and Development Goals

2000

UN World Conference Against Racism

2001

An Agenda for Further Change (Followup to the 1997 UN Programme for Reform)

2001

Glen Cove + 5: Application of Human Rights to Sexual and Reproductive Health

2001

The Second Interagency Workshop on Implementing a Human Rights-based Approach in the Context of UN Reform

2003