Resources on Gender equality

The work of UNFPA is guided by the Programme of Action (POA) that was endorsed by about 179 countries in Cairo at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). The Conference shifted the emphasis of population planning from reaching demographic targets to promoting human rights and sustainable development, changing the focus from numbers to people.

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A gender-sensitive approach HIV prevention is one of UNFPA’s priorities. As one of ten sponsors of UNAIDS, UNFPA is engaged in a collaborative response aimed at preventing HIV transmission, providing care and support,...

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Despite progress in reducing educational disparities, there remains a wide gap in school attendance between boys and girls in many regions. The HIV/AIDS epidemic is threatening those gains in the hardest-hit countries, and downward trends in education may only exacerbate the problem.

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The announcement of the provisional population figures from Census 2011 has come at a very important moment in India’s relationship with the census and its operations. Newspaper headlines made it clear where India’s own priorities lay – first and foremost were the “positives”: improvements in the rate of decline in the growth of the population (though less than anticipated), a rise in literacy rates and also of the overall sex ratio of the number of women per 1,000 men.

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Because discrimination on the basis of sex often starts at the earliest stages of life, greater equality for the girl child and the adolescent girl are necessary first steps to ensuring that women have equal rights...

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In nearly every country, women work longer hours than men, but are usually paid less and are more likely to live in poverty. In subsistence economies, women spend much of the day performing tasks to maintain the household, such as carrying water and collecting fuel wood. In many countries women are also responsible for agricultural production and selling. Often they take on paid work or entrepreneurial enterprises as well.

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What is meant by gender? The term gender refers to the economic, social and cultural attributes and opportunities associated with being male or female. In most societies, being a man or a woman is not simply a matter of...

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In 1993, 45 years after the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted, and eight years after CEDAW entered into force, the UN World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna confirmed that women’s rights were human rights.

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In 2000, UNFPA continued to support countries in the development of population and development strategies, and data collection, analysis and policy formulation. A top priority in 2000 was the development of a new global strategy for reproductive health commodity security.

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This manual contains modules on young women's leadership, economic justice, HIV and AIDS, human rights, peace, self esteem and body image, sexual and reproductive health and violence against women.

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