State of World Population 2012

By Choice, Not By Chance: Family Planning, Human Rights and Development

No. of pages: 128

Publication Date: 2012

Author: UNFPA

Publisher: UNFPA

ISBN: 978-1-61800-009-5

Executive Summary

All human beings—regardless of age, sex, race or income—are equal in dignity and rights. Yet 222 million women in developing countries are unable to exercise the human right to voluntary family planning.

This flagship report analyzes data and trends to understand who is denied access and why. It examines challenges in expanding access to family planning. And it considers the social and economic impact of family planning as well as the costs and savings of making it available to everyone who needs it.

The report asserts that governments, civil society, health providers and communities have the responsibility to protect the right to family planning for women across the spectrum, including those who are young or unmarried.

Nevertheless, the report finds that financial resources for family planning have declined and contraceptive use has remained mostly steady. In 2010, donor countries fell $500 million short of their expected contribution to sexual and reproductive health services in developing countries. Contraceptive prevalence has increased globally by just 0.1 per cent per year over the last few years.

Related content

Video

Typhoon Haiyan destroyed birthing facilities and hospitals, leaving thousands of pregnant women without a place to deliver and threatening  years of progress. UNFPA is working to restore reproductive health services.

Video

Construction of a new road from China through Laos is transforming the traditional local economies. The road has increased commerce as local women initiate a lively trade with construction workers and their merchant wives.

Video

In Uganda today family planning is at the top of the agenda. At the moment there are 34 million citizens but the country has one of the fastest growing populations anywhere in the world. On average each woman will give birth to six children.

Pages