Recursos sobre Tendencias demográficas

The world has changed fundamentally since the historic commitments to the Millennium Development Goals and the 2001 Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS were made.

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The development of the UNAIDS Guidance Note on HIV and Sex Work benefited from the contributions of the UNAIDS Reference Group on HIV and Human Rights and the Global Working Group on HIV and Sex Work Policy.

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Since the beginning of the epidemic sex workers have experienced a heightened burden of HIV across settings, despite their higher levels of HIV protective behaviors (UNAIDS, 2009).

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In this new consolidated guidelines document on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for key populations, the World Health Organization (WHO) brings together all existing guidance relevant to five key populations – men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, people in prisons and other closed settings, sex workers and transgender people – and updates selected guidance and recommendations.

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Consistent and correct use of condoms is vital to achieve the level of protection required to prevent unintended pregnancy and the transmission of HIV and other STIs.

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The 2011 Worlds Aids Day Report published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and World Health Organization (WHO) states that the number of people living with HIV was estimated at 34 million people at the end of 2010, up 17% from 2001.

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According to the World Health Organization, there are 500 million new sexually transmitted infection cases each year, of which 93 million are in Africa. Investments in women’s health during their childbearing years not only save women’s lives, but also produce ripple effects that benefit families, communities and nations.

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Condoms are a critical component in a comprehensive and sustainable approach to the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and are effective for preventing unintended pregnancies. In 2013, an estimated 2.1 million people became newly infected with HIV[i] and an estimated 500 million people acquired chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis or trichomoniasis.[ii] In addition, every year more than 200 million women have unmet needs for contraception,[iii] leading to approximately 80 million unintended pregnancies.[iv] These three public health priorities require a decisive response using all available tools, with condoms playing a central role.

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This guide is designed to be used by journalists and media personnel to plan and execute the production and broadcast of entertainment-education serial dramas for HIV prevention. It focuses on the social-content (educational) portion of such programmes and describes strategies that can overcome cultural and informational barriers to accessing health services

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This framework proposes a set of key policy and programme actions to strengthen linkages between sexual and reproductive health care and HIV and AIDS programming.

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