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Trinidad and Tobago

Reporting History before the UN Treaty Bodies

Treaty Entry into force Most recent report examination Pending reports
CESCR 08-03-79 8-05-02 3rd
CCPR 21-03-79 17-10-00, 31-10-00 5th
CERD 03-11-73 1, 2-08-01, 8-08-01 15th, 16th
CEDAW 11-02-90 21-01-02, 29-01-02 4th
CRC 04-01-92 2, 3-10-97, 10-10-97 2nd

Treaty Body Recommendations Addressing Programme Areas

[The following are selected recommendations included in each Committee’s Concluding Observations to country reports. Selection is based on population issues addressed by UNFPA, and some recommendations may address more than one subject. The recommendations presented belong to the last report submitted, and may not reflect actions taken since towards their implementation.]

 

Population and Development

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Fifty-ninth session (30 July - 17 August 2001). The Committee considered the eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth and fourteenth periodic reports of Trinidad and Tobago, submitted as one document (CERD/C/382/Add.1), and adopted the following concluding observations.

  • The Committee encourages the Government to include the indigenous population in any statistical data as a separate ethnic group, and actively to seek consultations with them as to how they prefer to be identified, as well as on policies and programmes affecting them.
  • The State party is invited to provide further information in its next periodic report on the following issues:
    1. the ethnic composition of the population and in particular statistical data relating to the numerically small ethnic groups;
    2. sufficient data on the employment of different racial groups in government service in different sectors, including comparative data, so as to indicate changes in the ethnic distribution in government service;
    3. the involvement of civil society organizations in addressing issues related to racial discrimination and in raising awareness of the Convention;
    4. the outcome of investigations of complaints with the Ombudsman's office and the respective remedies, particularly with regard to cases of racial discrimination; and
    5. the functioning and impact of the new legislation pertinent to combating racial discrimination, in particular the new Equal Opportunities Act, No. 39 of 2000 and the corresponding institutional framework, particularly the Equal Opportunity Commission and the Equal Opportunity Tribunal, with regard to their functioning, membership and performance.

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, Twenty-sixth session (14 January - 1 February 2002). The Committee considered the combined initial, second and third periodic report of Trinidad and Tobago (CEDAW/C/TTO/1-3) and adopted the following concluding observations.

  • The Committee is concerned at the high incidence of poverty among various groups of women, in particular female heads of households. The Committee recognizes that women-headed households have been negatively affected by structural adjustment programmes and the changing global situation.
  • The Committee requests the State party to provide additional information on the programmes and projects that have been implemented to combat the negative impact of structural adjustment programmes on women, and in particular households headed by women, and to ensure that governmental policies to eradicate poverty are continuous, incorporate a gender perspective and do not marginalize women.
  • The Committee urges the State party to include in its next report more information and data on the situation of rural women, and of older rural women in particular, and on any policy aimed at their economic empowerment as well as their access to employment and health-care services.

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Twenty-eighth session (29 April-17 May 2002). The Committee considered the second periodic report of Trinidad and Tobago (E/1990/6/Add.30) and adopted the following concluding observations.

  • The Committee recommends that the State party provide the Ombudsman with powers to deal with all human rights issues, including economic, social and cultural rights.
  • The Committee urges that the State party enact specific legislation and adopt concrete measures to ensure better living conditions for persons with disabilities.
  • The Committee recommends that the State party take effective action to reduce unemployment among young people by providing further vocational training opportunities.
  • The Committee urges the State party to devise a housing strategy for disadvantaged and marginalized groups and to provide low-cost housing units to them.

Reproductive Health

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, Twenty-sixth session (14 January - 1 February 2002). The Committee considered the combined initial, second and third periodic report of Trinidad and Tobago (CEDAW/C/TTO/1-3) and adopted the following concluding observations.

  • The Committee also recommends that Trinidad and Tobago introduce appropriate policies and programmes or sex education and family planning education.
  • The Committee recommends the introduction of programmes to encourage men to take part in family planning responsibilities.

Human Rights Committee, Seventieth session (16 October - 3 November2000). The Committee considered the joint third and fourth periodic reports of Trinidad and Tobago (CCPR/C/TTO/99/3) and adopted the following concluding observations and recommendations.

  • The State party should, thereafter, introduce amending legislation to extend the provisions of the Act to those suffering discrimination on grounds of age, sexual orientation, pregnancy or infection with HIV/AIDS.
  • The Committee recommends that legal limitations on abortion be reappraised and that restrictions which may risk violation of women's rights be removed from the law, by legislation if necessary (arts. 3, 6.1 and 7).

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Twenty-eighth session (29 April-17 May 2002). The Committee considered the second periodic report of Trinidad and Tobago (E/1990/6/Add.30) and adopted the following concluding observations.

  • The Committee requests the State party to provide in its next periodic report detailed information based on comparative data about the problem of abortion in Trinidad and Tobago and the measures, legislative or therwise, including the review of its present legislation, it has undertaken to protect women from clandestine and unsafe abortion.
  • The Committee recommends that the State party take legislative and other effective measures to eliminate discrimination, in accordance with article 2.2 of the Covenant. In particular, the Committee wishes to encourage the State to undertake proactive policies to promote the rights of individuals, especially with regard to their sexual orientation and HIV/AIDS status.
  • The Committee recommends that the State party take legislative and other effective measures to eliminate discrimination, in accordance with article 2.2 of the Covenant. In particular, the Committee wishes to encourage the State to undertake proactive policies to promote the rights of individuals, especially with regard to their sexual orientation and HIV/AIDS status.

Promoting Gender Equality

Human Rights Committee, Seventieth session (16 October - 3 November2000). The Committee considered the joint third and fourth periodic reports of Trinidad and Tobago (CCPR/C/TTO/99/3) and adopted the following concluding observations and recommendations.

  • The Committee urges that priority be given to all necessary preparations, so as to bring into force by proclamation at the earliest possible date the Equal Opportunities Act 2000 particularly in respect to the advancement of women.

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, Twenty-sixth session (14 January - 1 February 2002). The Committee considered the combined initial, second and third periodic report of Trinidad and Tobago (CEDAW/C/TTO/1-3) and adopted the following concluding observations.

  • The Committee recommends that the State party give consideration to the incorporation of the Convention into domestic law. It points particularly to the importance of the incorporation of article 1 of the Convention.
  • The Committee recommends that an inventory be made of the laws that discriminate against women, with a view to their revision, amendment or repeal.
  • The Committee encourages gender mainstreaming in all government ministries, as well as the creation of an impact assessment of these efforts. It recommends that the State party clearly define the mandates of the various committees and councils concerned with gender issues and the level of interaction among them. The Committee encourages the State party to continue its process of restructuring the national machinery and to allocate the necessary human and financial resources to ensure effective implementation of governmental policies and programmes related to gender equality. It also encourages gender mainstreaming in all ministries.
  • The Committee urges the State party to place a high priority on measures to address violence against women in the family and in society in accordance with the Committee’s general recommendation 19 and the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. The Committee recommends that the State party introduce further measures to raise public awareness about violence against women and urges the State party to strengthen its activities and programmes to focus on sexual violence, incest and prostitution.
  • The Committee recommends that the State party take urgent measures to overcome traditional stereotypes regarding the role of women and men in society. The Committee emphasizes that a policy of gender equality in compliance with the Convention will require the reconceptualization of the role of women in society from that of mother and wife, exclusively responsible for children and the family, to that of individual person and actor in society.
  • The Committee recommends the introduction of strategies to increase the number of women in decision-making bodies at all levels and in all areas. To this end, the Committee recommends that the State party utilize temporary special measures in accordance with article 4, paragraph 1, of the Convention to increase the number of women in decision-making levels in government, governmental bodies, public administration and State-owned enterprises. It also recommends that the State party strengthen its efforts to organize special training programmes for women and to conduct on a regular basis, awareness-raising campaigns in this regard.
  • The Committee encourages the State party to analyse the lack of correlation between the high level of education attained by women and their income levels; it urges the State party to implement curriculum reform and the revision of textbooks in order to combat traditional attitudes towards women and to help to create an enabling environment for women’s presence in high-level and well-paid positions. It also recommends that the State party avail itself of existing research and practice with regard to equal pay for work of equal and comparable value in order to overcome inequality in pay. The Committee further recommends that sexual harassment in the workplace, including in the private sector, should be penalized, and remedies provided for those affected.

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Twenty-eighth session (29 April-17 May 2002). The Committee considered the second periodic report of Trinidad and Tobago (E/1990/6/Add.30) and adopted the following concluding observations.

  • The Committee urges the State party to take legislative and other measures to ensure equal pay for work of equal value for men and women.
  • The Committee calls upon the State party to take all effective measures, including the enforcement of existing legislation and the extension of national awareness campaigns, to eliminate all forms of violence and discrimination against women.

Reports from country visits by the Special Rapporteurs