UNFPA-supported activities for equality
UNFPA helped to build broad media interest in India about the growing sex ratio imbalance between girls and boys, working with national- and local-level nongovernmental organizations to raise awareness. UNFPA also supported efforts to sensitize health workers and, with grassroots groups, to change local attitudes and practices. In China, UNFPA supported action by the All China Women's Union to publicize the sex ratio imbalance, and helped launch a 13-county project to promote the girl child in poor communities.
In Bolivia, a bilingual (Quechua-Spanish) literacy project supported by UNFPA that focuses on reproductive health education has increased the literacy of both women and men in 35 municipalities. The project received an award from UNESCO for its progressive gender and culturally sensitive programming.
A farming community in northern Vietnam is the focus of a UNFPA-supported project that combines micro-credit and savings with reproductive health services. The project's objective to demonstrate how poor families can rise out of poverty if women are given access to credit, control over resources and access to reproductive health is implemented by the Vietnam Women's Union. The group's 30 members have seen their household incomes double in two years.
A regional initiative to monitor national ICPD implementation has been carried out for the past decade by the Latin America and Caribbean Women's Health Network with support from UNFPA. Data analysis by the women's group has been used by parliamentarians to promote legal reforms, by delegates at UN Conferences and by policy-makers in Suriname. In Chile, Nicaragua, Peru and Suriname, their work has formed the basis for independent reports on CEDAW implementation.
In collaboration with UNIFEM, UNFPA arranged the sixth regional conference of the Network of African women Ministers and Parliamentarians in Libreville, Gabon, in November 2004. The conference allowed women parliamentarians and ministers from Sub-Saharan Africa to learn and discuss means of combating gender-based violence as a key action to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. A kit on advocacy addressing gender-based violence in national contexts was presented to participants at the conference.
In the Arab States, UNFPA has partnered with the Centre for Arab Women for Training and Research to train women leaders how to promote poverty reduction strategies and reproductive health and rights. Enabling national NGOs to promote gender equality issues in campaign platforms has strengthened accountability regarding women's rights and gender equality.
In Uruguay, a Commission on Population, Development and Inclusion was recently established in the Senate, spearheaded by a parliamentarian who has participated actively in the International Parliamentarians' Conference on the implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action (IPCI).