- United Nations. 2005a. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly [without
reference to a Main Committee (A/60/L.1)] 60/1. 2005 World Summit Outcome,
para. 62. New York: United Nations. See also: Global Commission on
International Migration. 2005. Migration in an Interconnected World: New
Directions for Action: Report of the Global Commission on International
Migration, p. vii. Geneva: Global
Commission on International Migration.
- UNFPA. 2005. The State of World Population
2005: The Promise of Equality: Gender Equity, Reproductive Health and the
Millennium Development Goals, p. 21. New York: UNFPA.
- Note, for example, the Lima Process, Berne
Initiative's International Agenda for Migration Management; the Hague Process
on the Future of Refugee and Migration; the Regional Conference on Migration
(Puebla Process); the 5+5 Dialogue on Migration in the Western Mediterranean;
the Asia-Pacific Consultations; the Bali Ministerial Conference on People
Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime; the South
American Migration Dialogue; and the Migration Dialogue for Southern Africa.
The Global Commission on International Migration "observes that certain parts
of the globe are not as yet covered by regional processes, including the Middle
East, North Africa, East Africa, the Great Lakes region of Africa, the
Caribbean, and certain parts of Asia and South Asia". See: Global Commission on
International Migration 2005, pp. 70-71.
- The 2000 UN Millennium Declaration explicitly
called for attention to the rights of migrants, of women, and of minorities.
See: United Nations. 2000. Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly: 55/2:
United Nations Millennium Declaration (A/RES/55.2), para. 25. New York:
United Nations. See also: United Nations 2005a, para. 62.
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Convention on The Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members
of Their Families: Adopted by the General Assembly at its 45th session on 18
December 1990 (A/RES/45/158)." New York: United Nations.
- The status of Ratification and Reservations
can be found on the Web site:
www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/13.htm, accessed April 10, 2005.
As of May 2006, 15 countries have signed the Convention, signaling their intent
to ratify it. The top 10 receiving countries by 2005, in order, were: the
United States of America, Russian Federation, Germany, Ukraine, France, Saudi
Arabia, Canada, India, the United Kingdom and Spain. See: United Nations. 2006.
World Population Monitoring, Focusing on International Migration and
Development: Report of the Secretary-General (E/CN.9/2006/3), Table 2, p.
5. New York: United Nations.
- See information about the Global Campaign and
its Steering Committee on the Web site:
www.migrantsrights.org/about_campaign_engl.htm, last accessed 7 June 2006.
- The right to form and join unions, for
example, was recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Article
23), as well as the ICCPR (Article 22) and ICESCR (Article 8). The principle of
equal treatment in working conditions is enshrined in the Migrant Workers
Convention, Article 25, which also covers "weekly rest". The right to leisure
is found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Article 24) and the
ICCPR (Article 7). See also Box 3 in Chapter 1 of this report on the Migrant
- International human rights law allows states
to restrict certain rights-mainly political and economic-to citizens only.
- The 1949 Migration for Employment Convention,
No. 97 and the 1975 Migrant Workers (Supplementary Provisions) Convention, No.
143. In addition, note should be taken of the 1998 Declaration on Fundamental
Principles and Rights at Work.
- Grant, S. 2005. "International Migration and
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- For a recent report on related initiatives,
see: United Nations. 2005b. Report of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion
and Protection of Human Rights: Report of the United Nations High Commissioner
on Human Rights on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and
Related Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights (E/CN.4/2005/91).
New York: United Nations. See also: Global Commission on International
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- In Article 12(1) of the Convention, State Party
"recognize the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable
standard of physical and mental health". See: United Nations. 1966. International Covenant on Economic, Social and
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- Ibid., p. 10.
- Ibid., p. 198.
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- Ibid., pp. 77-78.
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