Introduction Introduction Chapter 5 Chapter 5
Chapter 1 Chapter 1 Notes Notes
Chapter 2 Chapter 2 Noties for quotations Notes for quotations
Chapter 3 Chapter 3 Notes for boxes Notes for boxes
Chapter 4 Chapter 4 Indicators Indicators
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Notes Notes


Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5


  • UNFPA. 3 September 2004. "Immigration and Justice," p. 6. Statement by Thoraya Ahmed Obaid, Under Secretary-General, United Nations, and Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund, at the Forum Barcelona, Human Movements and Immigration: World Congress: A Challenge for the 21st Century. New York: UNFPA.

  • United Nations. 2006. World Population Monitoring, Focusing on International Migration and Development: Report of the Secretary-General (E/CN.9/2006/3), para. 129. New York: United Nations.

  • Thouez, C. 2004. "The Role of Civil Society in the Migration Policy Debate," p. 5. Global Migration Perspectives. No. 12. Geneva: Global Commission on International Migration; and Florini, A. M. (ed.). 2000. The Third Force: The Rise of Transnational Civil Society, p. 226. Tokyo: Japan Center for International Exchange and Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Cited: Thouez 2004, p. 11, footnote 27.

  • United Nations. 1995. Population and Development, vol. 1: Programme of Action adopted at the International Conference on Population and Development: Cairo: 5-13 September 1994, Objective 10.2(a). New York: Department of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, United Nations.

  • Ibid.

  • United Nations. 2005. In Larger Freedom: Towards Development, Security and Human Rights for All: Report of the Secretary-General (A/59/2005), para. 8. New York: United Nations.

  • Experts and human rights organizations express concern that the emphasis on managing migration can objectify migrants, without due attention to migrants as subjects of human rights. See Thouez 2004, pp. 7 and 14.

  • ILO. 2001. "The Asylum-Migration Nexus: Refugee Protection and Migration Perspectives from ILO," para. 27. Geneva: International Migration Branch. ILO. Web site:, accessed 20 April 2006.

  • United Nations 2006, para. 85.