Chapter 4 ÍæÇÔÜí ÇáÃØÑ

ÇáÝÕÜá 1

ÇáÝÕÜá 2

ÇáÝÕÜá 3

ÇáÝÕÜá 4

 

ÇáÝÕÜá 1

ÇáÅØÜÇÑ 1

1- ááÇØáÇÚ Úáì ÇáÊÝÇÚáÇÊ ÇáãÎÊáÝÉ Èíä ÇáåÌÑÉ æãÎÊáÝ ÇáÛÇíÇÊ ÇáÅäãÇÆíÉ ááÃáÝíÉ¡ ÇäÙÑ ÇáæÑÞÇÊ ÇáÊí ÚõÑÖÊ Ýí ÇÌÊãÇÚ ÝÑíÞ ÎÈÑÇÁ ÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä ÈÔÃä ÇáãæÖæÚ. (ÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä¡ 2005. ÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ æÇáÛÇíÇÊ ÇáÅäãÇÆíÉ ááÃáÝíÉ: æÑÞÇÊ ãÎÊÇÑÉ áÇÌÊãÇÚ ÝÑíÞ ÎÈÑÇÁ ÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä: ãÑÇßÔ¡ ÇáãÛÑÈ. 11-12 ÃíÇÑ/ãÇíæ 2005. äíæíæÑß: ÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä)
2- ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ. 2005. Ýí Ìæ ãä ÇáÍÑíÉ ÃÝÓÍ: ÕæÈ ÇáÊäãíÉ æÇáÃãä æÍÞæÞ ÇáÅäÓÇä ááÌãíÚ: ÊÞÑíÑ ÇáÃãíä ÇáÚÇã (A/59/2005). äíæíæÑß: ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ.
3- Skeldon R. 2005. "ÇáÕáÇÊ Èíä ÇáåÌÑÉ æÇáÝÞÑ: ÇáÛÇíÇÊ ÇáÅäãÇÆíÉ ááÃáÝíÉ æÊäÞøõá ÇáÓßÇä"¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 56. ÇáÕÝÍÇÊ 55 – 63 Ýí: ÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä 2005º æÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä æÇáÈÑäÇãÌ ÇáÏæáí áÓíÇÓÇÊ ÇáåÌÑÉ. 2004. ãæÇÌåÉ ÊÍÏíÇÊ ÇáåÌÑÉ: ÇáÊÞÏã ÇáãÍÑÒ ãäÐ ÇáãÄÊãÑ ÇáÏæáí ááÓßÇä æÇáÊäãíÉ¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 29. äíæíæÑß æÌäíÝ: ÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä æÇáÈÑäÇãÌ ÇáÏæáí áÓíÇÓÇÊ ÇáåÌÑÉ.
4- Warttman, S. 2005. "ÇáåÌÑÉ æÇáÛÇíÇÊ ÇáÅäãÇÆíÉ ááÃáÝíÉ"¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 16. ÇáåÌÑÉ: Ãíáæá/ÓÈÊãÈÑ 2005¡ ÇáÕÝÍÊÇä 16 æ 17. ÌäíÝ: ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ.

ÇáÅØÜÇÑ 2

1- ÇáÇÆÊáÇÝ ÇáÏæáí ÇáãÚäí ÈÇáÅíÏÒ æÇáÊäãíÉ. 2004. “International Migration and HIV/AIDS.” . ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: http://icad-cisd.com/content/pub_details.cfm?id=126&CAT=9&lang=e¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 9 ÔÈÇØ/ÝÈÑÇíÑ2006º æÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ. 2000. "ÇáåÌÑÉ æÝíÑæÓ äÞÕ ÇáãäÇÚÉ ÇáÈÔÑíÉ/ÇáÅíÏÒ Ýí ÃæÑæÈÇ". ÌäíÝ: ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑɺ æÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ. 2002. “IOM Position Paper on HIV/AIDS and Migration” (MC/INF/252). ÌäíÝ: ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ.
2- ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ æãÔÑæÚ ÇáåÌÑÉ ááÌäæÈ ÇáÃÝÑíÞí. 2005. HIV/AIDS, Population Mobility and Migration in Southern Africa: Defining a Research and Policy Agenda¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 2. ÌäíÝ: ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ.
3- ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ. 2004. ÏÑÇÓÉ ÇáÍÇáÉ ÇáÇÞÊÕÇÏíÉ æÇáÇÌÊãÇÚíÉ Ýí ÇáÚÇáã: ÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ (E/2004/75/Rev.1/Add.1, ST/ESA/291/Add.1)¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 72. äíæíæÑß: ÅÏÇÑÉ ÇáÔÄæä ÇáÇÞÊÕÇÏíÉ æÇáÇÌÊãÇÚíÉ¡ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ.
4- Anarfi, J. K. 2005. “Reversing the Spread of HIV/AIDS: What Role Has Migration?” ÇáÕÝÍÇÊ 99 – 109 Ýí: ÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ æÇáÛÇíÇÊ ÇáÅäãÇÆíÉ ááÃáÝíÉ: æÑÞÇÊ ãÎÊÇÑÉ áÇÌÊãÇÚ ÝÑíÞ ÎÈÑÇÁ ÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä: ãÑÇßÔ¡ ÇáãÛÑÈ¡ 11-12 ÃíÇÑ/ãÇíæ 2005¡ ÕÇÏÑ Úä ÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä. 2005. äíæíæÑß: ÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä.

ÇáÅØÜÇÑ 3

1- ÇáãÕÇÏÑ: ãÝæÖíÉ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÍÞæÞ ÇáÅäÓÇä. 2005. "ÇáÇÊÝÇÞíÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ÈÔÃä ÇáÚãÇá ÇáãåÇÌÑíä æáÌäÊåÇ: ÕÍíÝÉ ÇáÍÞÇÆÞ ÑÞã 24 (Rev.1)". ÌäíÝ: ãÝæÖíÉ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÍÞæÞ ÇáÅäÓÇäº æãäÙãÉ ÇáÚãá ÇáÏæáíÉ (ÈÏæä ÊÇÑíÎ). "ÇáÅØÇÑ 1 – 16: ÃåãíÉ ÇáÇÊÝÇÞíÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ áÍãÇíÉ ÍÞæÞ ÌãíÚ ÇáÚãÇá ÇáãåÇÌÑíä æÃÝÑÇÏ ÃÓÑåã¡ 1990"¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 63. Preventing Discrimination, Exploitation and Abuse of Women Migrant Workers: An Information Guide: Booklet 1: Introduction: Why the Focus on Women International Migrant Workers. Geneva: Gender Promotion Office¡ ãßÊÈ ÇáÚãá ÇáÏæáí¡ ãäÙãÉ ÇáÚãá ÇáÏæáíÉ. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: www.oit.org/public/english/employment/gems/download/mbook1.pdf¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå ÂÎÑ ãÑÉ Ýí 28 ÃíÇÑ/ãÇíæ 2006.

ÇáÝÕÜá 2

ÇáÅØÜÇÑ 4

1- ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ¡ 2005. ÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ 2005: ÊßÇáíÝ æÝæÇÆÏ ÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 486. ÓáÓáÉ ÊÞÇÑíÑ ÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ ÇáÊí ÊÕÏÑ Úä ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ. ÇáÑÞã 3. ÌäíÝ: ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ. æáßä Ýí ÔÑÞ ÂÓíÇ íÒíÏ ÚÏÏ ÇáÃÌäÈíÇÊ ÇááÇÆí íÚÔä Ýí ÇáãäØÞÉ Ïæä ÇáÅÞáíãíÉ Úä ÚÏÏ ÇáÐßæÑ. ÇäÙÑ: ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ. 2006Ã. “Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2005 Revision” (POP/DB/MIG/Rev.2005) . ÌÏæá. äíæíæÑß: ÔÚÈÉ ÇáÓßÇä¡ ÅÏÇÑÉ ÇáÔÄæä ÇáÇÞÊÕÇÏíÉ æÇáÇÌÊãÇÚíÉ¡ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ.
2- ÇäÙÑ: Boyd, M., and M. Vickers. ÎÑíÝ ÚÇã 2000. “100 Years of Immigration in Canada,” p. 6. Canadian Statistical Trends; and Houstoun, M., Kramer, R. and Barrett, J. 1984. “Female Predominance in Immigration to the United States Since 1930: A First Look.” Special Issue: Women in Migration. International Migration Review 18(4): 908.
3- ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ 2006Ã.
4- ãÚåÏ ÈÍæË ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÊäãíÉ ÇáÇÌÊãÇÚíÉ. 2005. Gender Equality: Striving for Justice in an Unequal World (ÑÞã ÇáãÈíÚÇÊ E.05/III.Y.1)¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 113. ÌäíÝ: ãÚåÏ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÈÍæË ÇáÊäãíÉ ÇáÇÌÊãÇÚíɺ ÍßæãÉ äíæÒíáäÏÇ. 2005. Migration Trends 2004/2005: December 2005. Wellington, New Zealand: ÅÏÇÑÉ ÇáÚãá¡ ÍßæãÉ äíæÒíáäÏǺ Piper, N. 2005. “Gender and Migration: æÑÞÉ ÃõÚÏÊ ãä ÃÌá ÈÑäÇãÌ ÊÍáíá æÈÍæË ÇáÓíÇÓÇÊ ÇáÊÇÈÚ ááÌäÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ ááåÌÑÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ"¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 2. ÌäíÝ: ÇááÌäÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ ááåÌÑÉ ÇáÏæáíɺ æßãäæáË ÃÓÊÑÇáíÇ. 2006. “Immigration Update: July-December 2005”¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 10. Canberra: ÞÓã ÇáÈÍæË æÇáÅÍÕÇÁÇÊ¡ ÅÏÇÑÉ ÇáåÌÑÉ æÔÄæä ÇáËÞÇÝÇÊ ÇáãÊÚÏÏÉ¡ ßãäæáË ÃÓÊÑÇáíÇ.
5- Zlotnik, H. 1 March 2003. “The Global Dimensions of Female Migration.” Migration Information Source. æÇÔäØä¡ ÇáÚÇÕãÉ: ãÚåÏ ÓíÇÓÇÊ ÇáåÌÑÉ. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/print.cfm?ID=109¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 9 ßÇäæä ÇáËÇäí/íäÇíÑ 2005.
6- ÊÔãá ÇáÊÞÏíÑÇÊ ÇáãåÇÌÑíä ÇáãÓÌáíä æÛíÑ ÇáãÓÌáíä¡ ÈäÇÁ Úáì ÈíÇäÇÊ ÚÏÏ ÇáãåÇÌÑíä. ÇäÙÑ: Yamanaka, K., and N. Piper. 2005. Feminized Migration in East and South-East Asia: Policies, Actions andEmpowerment¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 2. ÓáÓáÉ ÇáæÑÞÇÊ ÇáÚÑÖíÉ ÈÔÃä ÇáÓíÇÓÉ ÇáãÊÚáÞÉ ÈÇáãÑÃÉ. ÇáÑÞã 11. ÌäíÝ: ãÚåÏ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÈÍæË ÇáÊäãíÉ ÇáÇÌÊãÇÚíÉ. æÃíÖÇð Ýí: Asis, M. M. B. 2006. “Gender Dimensions of Labor Migration in Asia”. æÑÞÉ ÃõÚÏÊ ãä ÃÌá ÇáÝÑíÞ ÑÝíÚ ÇáãÓÊæì ÇáãÚäí ÈÇáÃÈÚÇÏ ÇáÌäÓÇäíÉ ááåÌÑÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ¡ ÇáÏæÑÉ ÇáÎãÓæä ááÌäÉ ÇáãÚäíÉ ÈæÖÚ ÇáãÑÃÉ¡ äíæíæÑß¡ äíæíæÑß¡ 2 ÂÐÇÑ/ãÇÑÓ 2006. äíæíæÑß: ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ.
7- ÇÓÊäÇÏÇð Åáì ÈíÇäÇÊ ÅÏÇÑÉ ÇáÚãá ÇáÝáÈíäíÉ. Ýí: Opiniano, J. 2005. “MoreRemittances from Women Emphasize Feminization of Migration: ADB Study”. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: www.tinig.com/2005/more-remittances-from-women-emphasize-feminization-of-migration-%E2%80%93-adb-study/¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 23 ßÇäæä ÇáËÇäí/íäÇíÑ 2005.
8- Weeramunda, A. J. 2004. "ÓÑí áÇäßÇ"¡ ÇáÕÝÍÊÇä 138 æ 139. ÇáÝÕá 8 Ýí: No Safety Signs Herre: Research Study on Migration and HIV Vulnerability from Seven South and North East Asian Countries¡ ãä ÅÚÏÇÏ ÈÑäÇãÌ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ÇáÅäãÇÆí æÔÈßÉ ÈÍæË ÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÎÇÕÉ ÈÂÓíÇ æÇáãÍíØ ÇáåÇÏÆ. 2004. äíæíæÑß: ÈÑäÇãÌ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ÇáÅäãÇÆí.
9- ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ. 2006. ÑÕÏ ÓßÇä ÇáÚÇáã¡ ÇáÊÑßíÒ Úáì ÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ æÇáÊäãíÉ: ÊÞÑíÑ ÇáÃãíä ÇáÚÇã (E/CN.9/2006/3)¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 14¡ ÇáÌÏæá 15. äíæíæÑß: ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ.
10- Lim, L., and N. Oishi. 1996. åÌÑÉ ÇáÂÓíæíÇÊ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááÚãá: ÇáÎÕÇÆÕ ÇáããíÒÉ æÇáÔæÇÛá Úáì ÕÚíÏ ÇáÓíÇÓÇÊ. ÌäíÝ: ãäÙãÉ ÇáÚãá ÇáÏæáíÉ. ãÓÊÔåÏ Èå Ýí: ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ 2005¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 24.
11- Zlotnik 1 1 ÂÐÇÑ/ãÇÑÓ 2003.
12- Pellegrino, A. 2004. ÇáåÌÑÉ ãä ÃãÑíßÇ ÇááÇÊíäíÉ Åáì ÃæÑæÈÇ: ÇáÇÊÌÇåÇÊ æÇáÊÍÏíÇÊ Úáì ÕÚíÏ ÇáÓíÇÓÇÊ¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 30. ÓáÓáÉ ÈÍæË ÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÊí ÊÕÏÑ Úä ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ. ÇáÑÞã 16. ÌäíÝ: ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ.
13- ÇáãÑÌÚ äÝÓå¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 35.
14- Thomas-Hope, E. 2005. “Current Trends and Issues in Caribbean Migration.” . ÇáÕÝÍÇÊ 53 – 67 Ýí: Regional and International Migration in the Caribbean and Its Impacts on Sustainable Development: Compendium on Recent Research on Migration in the Caribbean¡ ãä ÅÚÏÇÏ ÇááÌäÉ ÇáÇÞÊÕÇÏíÉ áÃãÑíßÇ ÇááÇÊíäíÉ æãäØÞÉ ÇáÈÍÑ ÇáßÇÑíÈí. ÈæÑÊ ÃæÝ ÓÈíä: ÊÑíäíÏÇÏ æÊæÈÇÛæ.
15- Martínez Pizarro, J., and M. Villa 2005. “International Migration in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Summary View of Trends and Patterns” (UN/POP/MIG/2005/14)¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 7. æÑÞÉ ÃÚÏÊ ãä ÃÌá ÇÌÊãÇÚ ÝÑíÞ ÎÈÑÇÁ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ÇáãÚäí ÈÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ æÇáÊäãíÉ¡ äíæíæÑß¡ äíæíæÑß¡ 6 – 8 ÊãæÒ/íæáíå 2005. äíæíæÑß: ÔÚÈÉ ÇáÓßÇä¡ ÅÏÇÑÉ ÇáÔÄæä ÇáÇÞÊÕÇÏíÉ æÇáÇÌÊãÇÚíÉ¡ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ.
16- Zlotnik, H. 1 Ãíáæá/ÓÈÊãÈÑ 2004. “International Migration in Africa: An Analysis Based on Estimates of the Migrant Stock.” Migration Information Source. æÇÔäØä¡ ÇáÚÇÕãÉ: ãÚåÏ ÓíÇÓÇÊ ÇáåÌÑÉ. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ www.migrationinformation.org/USfocus/print.cfm?id=252¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 22 ÔÈÜÜÇØ/ÝÈÑÇíÑ 2006.
17- ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ 2006Ã.
18- Carling, J. 2005. “Gender Dimensions of International Migration,” ¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 2. Global Migration Perspectives. No. 35. ÌäíÝ: ÇááÌäÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ ÇáãÚäíÉ ÈÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ.
19- ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ 2005¡ ÇáÕÝÍÊÇä 275 – 276.
20- Adepoju, A. 1 Ãíáæá/ÓÈÊãÈÑ 2004. “Changing Configurations of Migration in Africa.” Migration Information Source. æÇÔäØä¡ ÇáÚÇÕãÉ: ãÚåÏ ÓíÇÓÇÊ ÇáåÌÑÉ. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/print.cfm?ID=251¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 22 ÔÈÇØ/ÝÈÑÇíÑ 2006º æ Chikanda, A. 2004. “Skilled Health Professionals’ Migration and Its Impact on Health Delivery in Zimbabwe.” Centre on Migration, Policy and Society Working Paper. No. 4. ÃßÓÝæÑÏ¡ ÇáããáßÉ ÇáãÊÍÏÉ¡ ãÑßÒ ÇáåÌÑÉ æÇáÓíÇÓÇÊ æÇáãÌÊãÚ¡ ÌÇãÚÉ ÃßÓÝæÑÏ.

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1- Jones, G. W., and K. Ramdas (eds). 2004. (Un)tying the Knot: Ideal and Reality in Asian Marriage. ÓäÛÇÝæÑÉ: ãÚåÏ ÂÓíÇ ááÈÍæË¡ ÇáÌÇãÚÉ ÇáÞæãíÉ Ýí ÓäÛÇÝæÑÉ. ÊÔåÏ Èå Ýí: “Transnational Migration, Marriage and Trafficking at the ChinaVietnam Border,” p. 4, by Duong, L. B., D. Bélanger, and K. T. Hong 2005. æÑÞÉ ÃÚÏÊ ãä ÃÌá ÇáÍáÞÉ ÇáÏÑÇÓíÉ ÇáãÚäíÉ ÈäÞÕ ÇáÅäÇË Ýí ÂÓíÇ: ÇáÇÊÌÇåÇÊ æÇáãäÙæÑÇÊ¡ ÓäÛÇÝæÑÉ¡ 5 – 7 ßÇäæä ÇáÃæá/ÏíÓãÈÑ 2005. ÈÇÑíÓ: áÌäÉ ÇáÊÚÇæä ÇáÏæáí Ýí ÇáÈÍæË ÇáÞæãíÉ Ýí ãÌÇá ÇáÏíãÛÑÇÝíÇ.
2- æÒÇÑÉ ÎÇÑÌíÉ ÇáæáÇíÇÊ ÇáãÊÍÏÉ. 2005. Trafficking in Persons Report: June 2005. ÇáÕÝÍÉ 20. æÇÔäØä¡ ÇáÚÇÕãÉ: æÒÇÑÉ ÎÇÑÌíÉ ÇáæáÇíÇÊ ÇáãÊÍÏɺ æ ; Attane, I., and J. Veron (eds.). 2005. Gender Discrimination among Young Children in Asia. ÈæäÏíÔíÑí¡ ÇáåäÏ: ãÑßÒ ÇáÓßÇä æÇáÊäãíÉ¡ ÇáãÚåÏ ÇáÝÑäÓí. æÊÊÈÇíä ÊÞÏíÑÇÊ ÃÚÏÇÏ ÇáÝÊíÇÊ ÇáãÝÞæÏÇÊ: ÇäÙÑ ÇáãÕÇÏÑ ÇáãÓÊÔåÏ ÈåÇ Ýí ÇáÕÝÍÉ 32 ãä: : Mason, A. D., and E. M. King. 2001. Engendering Development: Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources and Voice. äíæíæÑß ææÇÔäØä¡ ÇáÚÇÕãÉ: ãØÈÚÉ ÌÇãÚÉ ÃßÓÝæÑÏ æÇáÈäß æÇáÏæáíº æãÚåÏ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÈÍæË ÇáÊäãíÉ ÇáÇÌÊãÇÚíÉ. 2005. Gender Equality: Striving for Justice in an Unequal World (ÑÞã ÇáãÈíÚÇÊ E.05/III.Y.1). ÌäíÝ: ãÚåÏ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÈÍæË ÇáÊäãíÉ ÇáÇÌÊãÇÚíÉ.
3- ÊÞÏíÑÇÊ ãÓÊäÏÉ Åáì æÌæÏ ÝÌæÉ Ýí ÇáäÓÈÉ Èíä ÇáÌäÓíä Èíä ÇáÓßÇä ÚãæãÇð. ÇäÙÑ: ãÚåÏ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÈÍæË ÇáÊäãíÉ ÇáÇÌÊãÇÚíÉ. 2005.
4- Ramachandran, S. 2005. “Indifference, Impotence, and Intolerance: Transnational Bangladeshis in India”¡ ÇáÕÝÍÇÊ 7 – 9. Global Migration Perspectives. No. 42. ÌäíÝ: ÇááÌäÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ ÇáãÚäíÉ ÈÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÏæáíɺ æ Blanchet, T. 2003. “Bangladeshi Girls Sold as Wives in North India,” ¡ ÇáÕÝÍÊÇä 8 æ 9. ÏÑÇÓÉ ÞÏãÊ Åáì ÃßÇÏíãíÉ ÇáÊäãíÉ ÇáÊÚáíãíÉ. ÏßÇ¡ ÈäÛáÇíÔ: ÃßÇÏíãíÉ ÇáÊäãíÉ ÇáÊÚáíãíÉ.
5- Duong, Bélanger, and Hong 2005.

ÇáÅØÜÇÑ 6

1- ÝíãÇ íÊÚáÞ ÈãÝåæã ÓáÓáÉ ÇáÑÚÇíÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ¡ ÇäÙÑ: Hochschild, A., and B. Ehrenreich (eds.) 2002. Global Woman: Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy. New York: Owl Books, Henry Holt and Company; and Parreñas, R. S. 2000. “Migrant Filipina Domestic Workers and the International Division of Reproductive Labor.” Gender and Society 14(4): 560-580.
2- ÈÑäÇãÌ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ÇáÅäãÇÆí. 2006. Taking Gender Equality Seriously: Making Progress, Meeting New Challenges¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 3. äíæíæÑß: ÈÑäÇãÌ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ÇáÅäãÇÆí.

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1- Buchan, J,. and L. Calman. 2004. The Global Shortage of Registered Nurses: An Overview of Issues and Actions¡ ÇáÕÝÍÊÇä 9 æ 10. ÌäíÝ: ÇáãÌáÓ ÇáÏæáí ááããÑÖíäº æãäÙãÉ ÇáÕÍÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ (ÈÏæä ÊÇÑíÎ). "ÇáÃØáÓ ÇáÚÇáãí ááÞæì ÇáÚÇãáÉ Ýí ãÌÇá ÇáÕÍÉ". ÞÇÚÏÉ ÇáÈíÇäÇÊ. ÌäíÝ: ãäÙãÉ ÇáÕÍÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: www.who.int/globalatlas/DataQuery/default.asp¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 4 äíÓÇä/ÃÈÑíá 2006.
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3- ãäÙãÉ ÇáÕÍÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ æÇáíæäíÓíÝ æÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä . 2003. ÇáæÝíÇÊ ÇáäÝÇÓíÉ Ýí ÓäÉ 2000: ÊÞÏíÑÇÊ æÖÚÊåÇ ãäÙãÉ ÇáÕÍÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ æÇáíæäíÓíÝ æÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä. ÌäíÝ: ãäÙãÉ ÇáÕÍÉ ÇáÚÇáãíɺ æãäÙãÉ ÇáÕÍÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ. 2005. World Health Report 2005: Make Every Mother and Child Count. ÌäíÝ: ãäÙãÉ ÇáÕÍÉ ÇáÚÇáãíÉ.
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6- ÊÑÏ åÐå ÇáäÊÇÆÌ Ýí ÏÑÇÓÇÊ ÃÌÑíÊ Ýí ÈáÏÇä ÔÊì¡ ãä ÞÈíá ÈáÏÇä ãäØÞÉ ÇáÈÍÑ ÇáßÇÑíÈí æÛÇäÇ æÌäæÈ ÃÝÑíÞíÇ æÒãÈÇÈæí. ÝÚáì ÓÈíá ÇáãËÇá¡ ÇÓÊäÇÏÇð Åáì ÏÑÇÓÉ ÃÌÑíÊ ãÇ Èíä ÚÇãí 2004 æ 2005 Ýí ËáÇË ãÞÇØÚÇÊ ÈÌäæÈ ÃÝÑíÞíÇ¡ ßÇä ÃßËÑ ãä äÕÝ ÇáããÑÖÇÊ ÇááÇÆí ÃÌÑíÊ ãÞÇÈáÇÊ ãÚåä íÝßÑä Ýí ÇáåÌÑÉ Åáì ÇáÎÇÑÌ. ÇäÙÑ: Penn-Kekana, L. æÂÎÑæä. 2005. . “Nursing Staff Dynamics and Implications for Maternal Health Provision in Public Health Facilities in the Context of HIV/AIDS. æÇÔäØä¡ ÇáÚÇÕãÉ: ãÌáÓ ÇáÓßÇä. æÞÏ ÊÈíä ãä ãÓÍ ÃÌÑí Ýí ÒãÈÇÈæí ÓäÉ 2002 æÔãá 215 ããÑÖÉ Ãä 71 Ýí ÇáãÇÆÉ ãäåä ÃÚÑÈä Úä äíÊåä Ãä íåÇÌÑä. ÇäÙÑ: Chikanda, A. 2005. Medical Leave: The Exodus of Health Professionals from Zimbabw¡ ÇáÕÝÍÊÇä 1 æ 2. ÓáÓáÉ ÓíÇÓÇÊ ÇáåÌÑÉ. ÇáÑÞã 34. ßíÈ ÊÇæä æßäÛÓÊæä¡ ßäÏÇ: ãÔÑæÚ ÇáåÌÑÉ Ýí ÇáÌäæÈ ÇáÃÝÑíÞí æãÑßÒ ÇáÌäæÈ ÇáÃÝÑíÞí ááÈÍæË¡ ÌÇãÚÉ ßæíäÒ. ÇäÙÑ ÃíÖÇð: Buchan, J., and D. Dovlo. 2004. . “International Recruitment of Health Workers to the UK: A Report for DFID: Executive Summary”. áäÏä: ãÑßÒ ãæÇÑÏ ÇáäÙã ÇáÕÍíÉ¡ ÅÏÇÑÉ ÇáÊäãíÉ ÇáÏæáíɺ æ Clive, T., R. Hosein, and J. Yan 2005. “Assessing the Export of Nursing Services as a Diversification Option for CARICOM Economies” ¡ ÇáÕÝÍÊÇä 16 æ 17. ÊÞÑíÑ ÃÚÏ ãä ÃÌá ÇááÌäÉ ÇáßÇÑíÈíÉ ÇáãÚäíÉ ÈÇáÕÍÉ æÇáÊäãíÉ. ÃíÇÑ/ãÇíæ 2005. æÇÔäØä¡ ÇáÚÇÕãÉ: ÇááÌäÉ ÇáßÇÑíÈíÉ ÇáãÚäíÉ ÈÇáÕÍÉ æÇáÊäãíÉ æãäÙãÉ ÇáÕÍÉ ááÈáÏÇä ÇáÃãÑíßíÉ.
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8- Buchan and Dovlo 2004.
9- Hewitt, H. 2004. “Assessment of the Capacity to Educate and Train Nurses in CARICOM Countries’. ÊÞÑíÑ ÃÚÏ ãä ÃÌá ãßÊÈ ãäÓÞ ÈÑäÇãÌ ÇáßÇÑíÈí¡ ãäÙãÉ ÇáÕÍÉ ááÈáÏÇä ÇáÃãÑíßíÉ¡ ÈÑÈÇÏæÓ. ãÓÊÔåÏ Èå Ýí: Assessing the Export of Nursing Services as a Diversification Option for CARICOM Economies, p. 28, by C. Thomas, R. Hosein, and J. Yan. 2005. ÇááÌäÉ ÇáßÇÑíÈíÉ ÇáãÚäíÉ ÈÇáÕÍÉ æÇáÊäãíÉ.
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1- ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ. 2006. ÑÕÏ ÓßÇä ÇáÚÇáã¡ ãÚ ÇáÊÑßíÒ Úáì ÇáåÌÑÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ æÇáÊäãíÉ: ÊÞÑíÑ ááÃãíä ÇáÚÇã (E/CN.9/2006/3) ¡ ÇáÝÞÑÉ 50. äíæíæÑß: ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ.
2- ÇäÙÑ¡ ãËáÇð: Kulu, H. 2005. “Migration and fertility: competing hypotheses re-examined.” European Journal of Population 21(1):51-87. ãÓÊÔåÏ Èå Ýí: “High fertility Gambians in low fertility Spain: Mutually Entailed Lives Across International Space”¡ ÈÞáã C. R. Bledsoe. Houle, and P. Sow. 2005. ãÔÑæÚ æÑÞÉ ãä ÃÌá ÍáÞÉ ÇáÚãá ááÑÇÈØÉ ÇáÃæÑæÈíÉ ááÏÑÇÓÇÊ ÇáÓßÇäíÉ¡ ÇáÝÑíÞ ÇáÚÇãá ÇáãÚäí ÈÇáÏíãÛÑÇÝíÇ ÇáÃäËÑæÈæáæÌíÉ Ýí ÃæÑæÈÇ¡ ãÚåÏ ãÇßÓ ÈáÇäß ááÈÍæË ÇáÏíãÛÑÇÝíÉ¡ ÑæÓÊß¡ ÃáãÇäíÇ¡ 30 Ãíáæá/ÓÈÊãÈÑ Ü 1 ÊÔÑíä ÇáÃæá/ÃßÊæÈÑ 2005.
3- Abbasi-Shavazi, M. and McDonald, P. Spring 2000. “Fertility and Multiculturalism: Immigrant Fertility in Australia, 1977-1991.” International Migration Review 34(1): 221-222.
4- ÏÑÇÓÉ ÊÓÊäÏ Åáì ÈíÇäÇÊ ãä åíÆÉ ÇáÅÍÕÇÁÇÊ ÇáÓæíÏíÉ¡ 1961 – 1999¡ ÔãáÊ 000 446 ÇãÑÃÉ ãåÇÌÑÉ æ 000 973 2 ÇãÑÃÉ ãæáæÏÉ Ýí ÇáÓæíÏ. ÇäÙÑ: Andersson, G. 2001. “Childbearing Patterns of Foreign-Born Women in Sweden.” ¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 23. . MPIDR Working Paper WP 2001-011. ÑæÓÊæß¡ ÃáãÇäíÇ: ãÚåÏ ãÇßÓ ÈáÇäß ááÈÍæË ÇáÏíãÛÑÇÝíÉ.
5- ÇÓÊäÇÏÇð Åáì ÈíÇäÇÊ áÊÚÏÇÏ ÓßÇä ÇáããáßÉ ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÈÑíØÇäíÇ ÇáÚÙãì æÂíÑáäÏÇ ÇáÔãÇáíÉ ÃÌÑí Ýí ÓäÉ 1991º æ Modood, T. æÂÎÑæä. 1997. Ethnic Minorities in Britain: Diversity and Disadvantage. ÇáãÓÍ ÇáæØäí ÇáÑÇÈÚ ááÃÞáíÇÊ ÇáÚÑÞíÉ. áäÏä: ãÚåÏ ÏÑÇÓÇÊ ÇáÓíÇÓÇʺ æ Penn, R., and P. Lambert. 2002. “Attitudes Towards Ideal Family Size of Different Ethnic/Nationality Groups in Great Britain, France and Germany”¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 50. . Population Trends 108: 49-58.
6- ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ 2006¡ ÇáÝÞÑÉ 50.
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8- Data Analysis of Instituto Nacional de Estadísta, Espana by: Roig Vila, M., and T. Castro Martín. 2005. “Immigrant Mothers, Spanish Babies: Longing for a Baby-Boom in a Lowest-Low Fertility Society” . æÑÞÉ ÃõÚÏÊ ãä ÃÌá ÇáãÄÊãÑ ÇáÓßÇäí ÇáÏæáí ÇáÎÇãÓ æÇáÚÔÑíä. 18-23 ÊãæÒ/íæáíå 2005¡ ÊæÑ¡ ÝÑäÓÇ. ÇáÇÊÍÇÏ ÇáÏæáí ááÏÑÇÓÉ ÇáÚáãíÉ ááÓßÇä. ãÓÊÔåÏ Èå áÏì Bledsoe, Houle, and Sow 2005.
9- ßãÇ íÐßÑ ÇáãÄáÝ¡ "ÊÈáÛ äÓÈÉ ÇáÎÕæÈÉ Ýí ÇáæáÇíÇÊ ÇáãÊÍÏÉ 2.0 ØÝá ¡ ÈÇáãåÇÌÑíä Ãæ ÈÏæäåã". æíÊÖÍ ãä ÃßÈÑ 10 ÈáÏÇä ãä ÈáÏÇä ÇáãÕÏÑ Ãä ãÚÏá ÎÕæÈÉ ÇáÅÌãÇáí áÏíåÇ íÈáÛ Ýí ÇáãÊæÓØ 2.32 ØÝá Ýí ÇáÃæØÇä¡ ÈÇáãÞÇÑäÉ ÈãÊæÓØ ÞÏÑå 2.86 ØÝá Ýí ÇáæáÇíÇÊ ÇáãÊÍÏÉ. ÇÓÊäÇÏÇð Åáì ÈíÇäÇÊ áãßÊÈ ÊÚÏÇÏÇÊ ÇáÓßÇä Ýí ÇáæáÇíÇÊ ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ÌõãÚÊ Ýí ÓäÉ 2002. ÇäÙÑ: Camarota, S. October 2005. “Birth Rates Among Immigrants in America: Comparing Fertility in the U.S. and Home Countries.” Center for Immigration Studies Backgrounder. æÇÔäØä¡ ÇáÚÇÕãÉ: ãÑßÒ ÏÑÇÓÇÊ ÇáåÌÑÉ.
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12- ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ 2006¡ ÇáÝÞÑÉ 52.
13- ÇáãÑÌÚ äÝÓå¡ ÇáÝÞÑÉ 51.

ÇáÅØÜÇÑ 10

1- Fargues, P. 2005. “How International Migration May Have Served Global Demographic Security,”¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 10. æÑÞÉ ÃÚÏÊ ãä ÃÌá for “Securing Development in an Unstable World,” the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics¡ ÃãÓÊÑÏÇã¡ åæáäÏÇ¡ 23 – 24 ÃíÇÑ/ãÇíæ 2005. æÇÔäØä¡ ÇáÚÇÕãÉ¡ æÃãÓÊÑÏÇã¡ åæáäÏÇ: ÇáÈäß ÇáÏæáí ææÒÇÑÉ ÇáÎÇÑÌíÉ¡ æÒíÑ ÇáÊÚÇæä ÇáÅäãÇÆí ææÒÇÑÉ ÇáãÇáíÉ Ýí åæáäÏÇ. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTAMSTERDAM/Resources/PhilippeFargues.pdf¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 5 ßÇäæä ÇáËÇäí/íäÇíÑ 2006.
2- Sargent, C. 2005. “Counseling Contraception for Malian Migrants in Paris; Global, State, and Personal Politics.” Human Organization 64(2): 147-156.

ÇáÅØÜÇÑ 11

1- ÇáãÕÏÑ: ãßÊÈ ÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä ÇáÞØÑí Ýí ÛæÇÊíãÇáÇ. 26 äíÓÇä/ÃÈÑíá 2006. ÇÊÕÇáÇÊ ÔÎÕíÉ.

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1- ÇáÅÚáÇä ÇáãÊÚáÞ ÈÇáÅáÛÇÁ ÇáÚÇáãí áÊÌÇÑÉ ÇáÚÈíÏ. 8 ÔÈÇØ/ÝÈÑÇíÑ 1815¡ ÇáãÑÝÞ ÇáÎÇãÓ ÚÔÑ áãÚÇåÏÉ ÝííäÇ ÇáÕÇÏÑ Úä ÇáäãÓÇ æÝÑäÓÇ æÇáããáßÉ ÇáãÊÍÏÉ æÇáÈÑÊÛÇá æÈÑæÓíÇ æÑæÓíÇ æÅÓÈÇäíÇ æÇáÓæíÏ. æßÇäÊ ãÚÇåÏÉ ÃÓÈÞ Èíä ÝÑäÓÇ æÈÑíØÇäíÇ ÇáÚÙãì¡ æÞÚÊ Ýí 30 ÃíÇÑ/ãÇíæ 1814¡ ÊÊäÇæá ÅáÛÇÁ ÊÌÇÑÉ ÇáÚÈíÏ. ÇäÙÑ: Weissbrodt, D., and Anti-Slavery International. 2002. Abolishing Slavery and Its Contemporary Forms (HR/PUB/02/4). ÌäíÝ: ãÝæÖíÉ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÔÄæä ÇááÇÌÆíä.
2- ÇäÙÑ: ãÝæÖíÉ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÔÄæä ÇááÇÌÆíä (ÈÏæä ÊÇÑíÎ). ÇáÇÊÝÇÞíÉ ÇáÊßãíáíÉ ÈÔÃä ÅáÛÇÁ ÇáÑÞ æÊÌÇÑÉ ÇáÑÞíÞ¡ æÇáãÄÓÓÇÊ æÇáããÇÑÓÇÊ ÇáãÔÇÈåÉ ááÑÞ: ÇáÊí ÇÚÊãÏåÇ ãÄÊãÑ ÇáãÝæÖíä ÇáÐí ÚÞÏ ÈãæÌÈ ÞÑÇÑ ÇáãÌáÓ ÇáÇÞÊÕÇÏí æÇáÇÌÊãÇÚí 608 (Ï – 21) ÇáãÄÑÎ 30 äíÓÇä/ÃÈÑíá 1956 æÍÑÑÊ Ýí ÌäíÝ íæã 7 Ãíáæá/ÓÈÊãÈÑ 1957¡ æÈÏà äÝÇÐåÇ Ýí 30 äíÓÇä/ÃÈÑíá 1957¡ æÝÞÇð ááãÇÏÉ 13 (ÇáÇÊÝÇÞíÉ ÇáÊßãíáíÉ: ãÌãæÚÉ ãÚÇåÏÇÊ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ¡ ÇáãÌáÏ 226¡ ÇáÊí ÈÏà äÝÇÐåÇ Ýí 30 äíÓÇä/ÃÈÑíá 1957¡ ÇáãÇÏÉ 1 (È). ÌäíÝ: ãÝæÖíÉ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÔÄæä ÇááÇÌÆíä. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: 193.194.138.190/html/menu3/b/30.htm¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 1 ÍÒíÑÇä/íæäíå 2006).
3- ÇáÓÎÑÉ ÈÕß Ïíä: "ÍÇáÉ ÊäÔà Úä ÊÚåÏ ãä ãÏíä ÈÊÞÏíã ÎÏãÇÊå ÇáÔÎÕíÉ Ãæ ÎÏãÇÊ ÔÎÕ ÊÍÊ ÓíØÑÊå ßÖãÇä áÏíä¡ ÅÐÇ ßÇäÊ ÞíãÉ Êáß ÇáÎÏãÇÊ ÍÓÈ ÊÞÏíÑåÇ ÊÞÏíÑÇð ãÚÞæáÇð áÇ ÊÓÊÎÏã Ýí ÊÕÝíÉ ÇáÏíä Ãæ ÅÐÇ ßÇä Øæá ãÏÉ Êáß ÇáÎÏãÇÊ áíÓ ãÍÏÏÇð æÅÐÇ ßÇäÊ ØÈíÚÊåÇ áíÓÊ ãÚÑÝÉ". ÇäÙÑ: ãÝæÖíÉ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÔÄæä ÇááÇÌÆíä (ÈÏæä ÊÇÑíÎ)¡ ÇáãÇÏÉ 1 (Ã).
4- ÇÊÝÇÞíÉ ãäÙãÉ ÇáÚãá ÇáÏæáíÉ ÑÞã 29 ÇáãÄÑÎÉ 1930 ÊÚÑÝ ÇáÚãá ÈÇáÓÎÑÉ ÈÃäå: "ßá ÃÔßÇá ÇáÚãá Ãæ ÇáÎÏãÇÊ ÇáÊí íÍÕá ÚáíåÇ ãä Ãí ÔÎÕ ÊÍÊ ÊåÏíÏ ÝÑÖ ÃíÉ ÚÞæÈÉ æáÇ íßæä ÇáÔÎÕ ÇáãÐßæÑ ÞÏ ÚÑÖ ÊÞÏíãåÇ ØæÚÇð". ÇäÙÑ: ãäÙãÉ ÇáÚãá ÇáÏæáíÉ (ÈÏæä ÊÇÑíÎ). "ÇÊÝÇÞíÉ ÇáÚãá ÈÇáÓÎÑÉ ÑÞã 29¡ 1930"¡ ÇáãÇÏÉ 2¡ ÇáÝÞÑÉ 1. ÌäíÝ: ãäÙãÉ ÇáÚãá ÇáÏæáíÉ. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convde.pl?C029¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå ÂÎÑ ãÑÉ Ýí 10 äíÓÇä/ÃÈÑíá 2006.
5- ãäÙãÉ ÇáÚãá ÇáÏæáíÉ. 2005. ÊÞÑíÑ ÇáãÏíÑ ÇáÚÇã: ÊÍÇáÝ ÚÇáãí ÖÏ ÇáÚãá ÈÇáÓÎÑÉ: ÊÞÑíÑ ÚÇáãí Ýí ÅØÇÑ ãÊÇÈÚÉ ÅÚáÇä ãäÙãÉ ÇáÚãá ÇáÏæáíÉ ÈÔÃä ÇáãÈÇÏÆ æÇáÍÞæÞ ÇáÃÓÇÓíÉ Ýí ÇáÚãá: 2005 (ÇáÊÞÑíÑ 1 [ÈÇÁ]¡ ÇáÕÝÍÇÊ 1 æ 44. ÌäíÝ: ãßÊÈ ÇáÚãá ÇáÏæáí¡ ãäÙãÉ ÇáÚãá ÇáÏæáíÉ.
6- ãÌáÓ ÃæÑæÈÇ. 2004. . “Recommendation 1663 (2004): Domestic Slavery: Servitude, Au Pairs and ‘Mail-order Brides’.”. ÓÊÑÇÓÈæÑÛ¡ ÝÑäÓÇ: ÇáÌãÚíÉ ÇáÈÑáãÇäíÉ¡ ãÌáÓ ÃæÑæÈÇ. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ:  http://assembly.coe.int/Documents/AdoptedText/TA04/EREC1663.htm¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 2 ÂÐÇÑ/ãÇÑÓ 2006. æÇäÙÑ ÃíÖÇð ÇáÊæÕíÉ ÇáÃÓÈÞ ÇáÕÇÏÑÉ Ýí ÓäÉ 2001: ãÌáÓ ÃæÑæÈÇ. 2001. . “Recommendation 1523 (2001): Domestic Slavery.”. ÓÊÑÇÓÈæÑÛ¡ ÝÑäÓÇ: ÇáÌãÚíÉ ÇáÈÑáãÇäíÉ¡ ãÌáÓ ÃæÑæÈÇ. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: http://assembly.coe.int/Main.asp?link=http://assembly.coe.int/Documents/AdoptedText/ta01/EREC1523.htm¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå ÂÎÑ ãÑÉ Ýí 13 äíÓÇä/ÃÈÑíá 2006.
7- ãÌáÓ ÃæÑæÈÇ 2004.
8- ãäÙãÉ ÇáÚãá ÇáÏæáíÉ 2005¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 15.

ÇáÅØÜÇÑ 13

1- ÇáãÕÏÑ: ÃÎÕÇÆíÉ ÈÑÇãÌ ãÈÇÏÑÉ ÇáÕÍÉ ÇáÅäÌÇÈíÉ ááÔÈÇÈ Ýí ÂÓíÇ (RHIYA)¡ ÔÚÈÉ ÂÓíÇ æÇáãÍíØ ÇáåÇÏÆ¡ ÕäÏæÞ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ááÓßÇä. 4 äíÓÇä/ÃÈÑíá 2006. ÇÊÕÇá ÔÎÕí.

ÇáÝÕÜá 4

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1- ááÇØáÇÚ Úáì ãÒíÏ ãä ÇáãÚáæãÇÊ ÇäÙÑ: Kumin, J. 2001. “Gender: Persecution in the Spotlight.” . ÌäíÝ: ãÝæÖíÉ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÔÄæä ÇááÇÌÆíä. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: www.unhcr.org/1951convention/gender.html¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 27 ÊÔÑíä ÇáÃæá/ÃßÊæÈÑ 2005.
2- ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ. 2002. ÇáãÈÇÏÆ ÇáÊæÌíåíÉ ÈÔÃä ÇáÍãÇíÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ: ÇáÇÖØåÇÏ ÇáãÑÊÈØ ÈäæÚ ÇáÌäÓ Ýí ÓíÇÞ ÇáãÇÏÉ 1 ÃáÝ (2) ãä ÇÊÝÇÞíÉ ÚÇã 1951 æ/ÈÑæÊæßæáåÇ áÚÇã 1967 ÇáãÊÚáÞ ÈãÑßÒ ÇááÇÌÆíä (HCR/GIP/02/01). ÌäíÝ: ãÝæÖ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ÇáÓÇãí áÔÄæä ÇááÇÌÆíä. ÇäÙÑ ÃíÖÇð: ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ. 1991. ãÐßÑÉ ÅÚáÇäíÉ ÈÔÃä ÇáãÈÇÏÆ ÇáÊæÌíåíÉ áãÝæÖíÉ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÔÄæä ÇááÇÌÆíä ÈÔÃä ÍãÇíÉ ÇááÇÌÆÇÊ (EC/SCP/67). ÌäíÝ: ãÝæÖ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ ÇáÓÇãí áÔÄæä ÇááÇÌÆíä.
3- ÌÇãÚÉ ßÇáíÝæÑäíÇ (ÈÏæä ÊÇÑíÎ). . “Background on Gender and Asylum Issues.” Center for Gender & Refugee Studies¡ ÌÇãÚÉ ßÇáíÝæÑäíÇ¡ Hastings¡ ßáíÉ ÇáÞÇäæä. ÌÇãÚÉ ßÇáíÝæÑäíÇ. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: http://cgrs.uchastings.edu/background.php¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 20 äíÓÇä/ÃÈÑíá 2006.
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6- Patrick, E. 2004. “Gender-Related Persecution and International Protection.” Migration Information Source. æÇÔäØä¡ ÇáÚÇÕãÉ: ãÚåÏ ÓíÇÓÇÊ ÇáåÌÑÉ. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: www.migrationinformation.org/feature/print.cfm?ID=216¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 6 ßÇäæä ÇáËÇäí/íäÇíÑ 2006.
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13- ÇÓÊäÇÏÇð Åáì ÈíÇäÇÊ ÇáãßÊÈ ÇáÅÍÕÇÆí ÇáÊÇÈÚ áãÝæÖíÉ ÇáÃãã ÇáãÊÍÏÉ áÔÄæä ÇááÇÌÆíä ÈÔÃä ÇáÈáÏÇä ÇáÊí ÊÊæÇÝÑ ÚäåÇ ÈíÇäÇÊ. ÇäÙÑ: Crawley and Lester 2004¡ ÇáÕÝÍÉ 14.
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ÇáÅØÜÇÑ 15

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2- ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ. 2003. The Trafficking of Women and Children in the Southern African Region: Presentation of Research Findings. ÌäíÝ: ÇáãäÙãÉ ÇáÏæáíÉ ááåÌÑÉ. ÇáãæÞÚ Úáì ÇáÅäÊÑäÊ: www.iom.int/documents/publication/en/southernafrica%5Ftrafficking.pdf¡ ÈÇáÑÌæÚ Åáíå Ýí 1 ÔÈÇØ/ÝÈÑÇíÑ 2006.
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