1. The UN Millennium Project is a two-year project that brought together over 250 leading development experts from around the world to serve as an independent advisory board to the UN Secretary-General in order to identify strategic, proven and cost-effective strategies to achieve the MDGs. See web site: www.unmillenniumproject.org.
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10. Of the 104 million children currently out of school, it is estimated that 54 to 57 per cent are girls. See: UN Millennium Project. 2005b. Taking Action: Achieving Gender Equality and Empowering Women, p. 42. Task Force on Education and Gender Equality. London and Sterling, Virginia: Earthscan.
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43. For example, see: World Bank. n.d. "Why Invest in Children and Youth?" Geneva: WHO. Web site: http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/ EXTCY/0,,contentMDK:20243901~menuPK:565261~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~ theSitePK:396445,00.htm, accessed 28 June 2005; UNFPA. 2005b. The Case for Investing in Young People as Part of a National Poverty Reduction Strategy. New York: UNFPA; and Knowles, J., and J. Behrman. 2003, Assessing the Economic Returns to Investing in Youth in Developing Countries. Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP) Discussion Paper. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
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56. An extensive literature reports that women are more likely to spend their incomes on food, education and healthcare that enhance the welfare of their children as well as their own. See: The World Bank 2001, p. 18; Grown, Gupta, and Pande 2005; and UN Millennium Project 2005b.
63. See: ILO. n.d. "C111 Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958"; "C100 Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951"; "C156 Workers with Family Responsibilities Convention, 1981;" and "C183 Maternity Protection Convention, 2000." All available on ILO, "Gender: Equality Between Men and Women," web site: www.ilo.org/public/english/gender.htm, accessed 29 June 2005; and United Nations 2005a, para. 283.
64. Hein, C. 2005. Reconciling Work and Family Responsibilities: Practical Ideas from Global Experience. Geneva: ILO; and O'Brien, M. 2004. Shared Caring: Bringing Fathers into the Frame. EOC Working Paper Series. No. 18. Manchester, United Kingdom: Equal Opportunities Commission.
67. James, B. 2002. European, Australian and Canadian Policies to Reconcile Paid Work and Family Life. Report prepared for the Ministry of Women's Affairs of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand. Web site: www.mwa.govt.nz/pub/InternationalPolicies.doc, last accessed 1 July 2005.
75. Lovenduski, J., and A. Karam 2002. "Women in Parliament: Making a Difference." Ch. 6 in: Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers, by International IDEA. Stockholm, Sweden: International IDEA. Web site: http://archive.idea.int/women/parl/, last accessed 11 July 2005.
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