1. UN Millennium Project. 2005a. Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals: Overview. Report to the Secretary-General. London and Sterling, Virginia: Earthscan.
2. The World Bank. 2001. Engendering Development: Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources, and Voice, pp. 33, 35, 74, and 99. New York and Washington, D.C.: Oxford University Press and the World Bank.
3. Malhotra, A., and R. Mehra. 1999. Fulfilling the Cairo Commitment: Enhancing Women's Economic and Social Options for Better Reproductive Health. Washington, D.C.: International Center for Research on Women..
4. Based on calculations of disabilityadjusted life years (DALYs). See: WHO. 2002. "Estimates of DALYs by Sex, Cause and WHO Mortality Sub-region: Estimates for 2001." Geneva: WHO. Web site: www3.who.int/whosis/menu.cfm?path=evidence,burden,burden_estimates, burden_estimates_2001,burden_estimates_2001_subregion&language=english, accessed 9 July 2003. Cited in: Singh, S., et al. 2004. Adding It Up: The Benefits of Investing in Sexual and Reproductive Health Care. New York: The Alan Guttmacher Institute and UNFPA.
8. The World Bank. 2003a. Gender Equality and the Millennium Development Goals. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank; The World Bank 2001, p. 11; and The World Bank. 2003b. "Poverty Reduction through Gender-disaggregated Analysis of Public Expenditures: The Case of Cambodia." Promising Approaches to Engendering Development. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
9. UN Millennium Project. 2005b. Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals, p. 120. Report to the UN Secretary-General. London and Sterling, Virginia: Earthscan.
11. United Nations. 2005a. 2004 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development: Women and International Migration (A/59/287/Add.1, ST/ESA/294). New York: Division for the Advancement of Women, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations.
14. Starrs, A., and P. Ten Hoope-Bender. 2004. "Dying for Life." Pp. 78-81 in: Countdown 2015: Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights for All: Special Report: ICPD at Ten: Where are We Now, by Countdown 2015. 2004. New York, London, and Washington, D.C.: Family Care International, International Planned Parenthood Federation, and Population Action International; and Sein, T., and U. M. Rafei. 2002. "No More Cradles in the Graveyards." Regional Health Forum 6(2). New Delhi: WHO South-East Asia Region.
18. The Population Council. n.d. "Transitions to Adulthood: Married Adolescents/First-Time Parents: Child Marriage." New York: The Population Council. Web site: www.popcouncil.org/ta/childmar.html#2, accessed 1 July 2005.
24. Heise, L., M. Ellsberg, and M.Gottemoeller. 1999. "Ending Violence against Women." Population Reports. Series L. No. 11. Baltimore, Maryland: Population Information Program, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health.
26. The figure represents the estimated costs of intimate partner violence. See: Waters, H., et al. 2004. The Economic Dimensions of Interpersonal Violence. Geneva: Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention, WHO.
27. UNFPA. n.d. "Population Issues: Culture: India: Restoring the Sex Ratio Balance." New York: UNFPA. Web site: www.unfpa.org/culture/case_studies/india_study.htm, accessed 18 June 2005.
33. UN Millennium Project. n.d. "Fast Facts. Faces of Poverty." Web site: www.unmillenniumproject.org/facts/index.htm, accessed 3 June 2005.
35. While nearly one trillion dollars are spent on military expenditures every year, total development assistance for 2003 was $69 billion. See: Skoens, E., C. Perdomo, and P. Stalenheim. 2004. "Military Expenditure." Ch. 10 in: SIPRI Yearbook 2004: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. 2004. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Also see: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. 11 April 2005. "Official Development Assistance Increases Further: But 2006 Targets Still a Challenge." Paris: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Web site: www.oecd.org/document/3/0,2340,en_2649_201185_34700611_1_1_1_1,00.html, last accessed 5 July 2005.