UNFPAState of World Population 2004
Back to Main Menu
State of World Population
Population and Poverty
Population and the Environment
Migration and Urbanization
Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
Reproductive Health and Family Planning
Maternal Health
Preventing HIV/AIDS
Adolescents and Young People
Reproductive Health for Communities in Crisis
Action Priorities
Sources for Boxes
Graphs and Tables


Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11


1.United Nations. 1995. Population and Development, vol. 1: Programme of Action adopted at the International Conference on Population and Development: Cairo: 5-13 September 1994, paragraph 3.14. New York: Department of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, United Nations.

2. Gardner, G., E. Assadourian, and R. Sarin. 2004. “The State of Consumption Today.” Ch. 1 in: State of the World 2004, by the Worldwatch Institute. 2004. New York: W. W. Norton.

3. WHO. 2002. World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life, p. 51. Geneva: WHO.

4. Gardner, Assadourian, and Sarin 2004.

5. Knickerbocker, B. 22 January 2004. “If the Poor Get Richer, Does the World See Progress?” The Christian Science Monitor.

6. Gardner, Assadourian, and Sarin 2004.

7. Ibid., p. 5.

8. MacDonald, M., and D. Nierenberg. 2003. “Linking Population, Women, and Biodiversity,” p. 42. Ch. 3 in: State of the World 2003, by the Worldwatch Institute. 2003. New York: W. W. Norton.

9. UNFPA. 2001. The State of World Population 2001: Footprints and Milestones: Population and Environmental Change, pp. 38-39 and the references cited therein; and Nierenberg, D. 2002. Correcting Gender Myopia, Gender Equity, Women’s Welfare, and the Environment, pp. 29-35. Worldwatch Paper. No. 161. Washington, D.C.: Worldwatch Institute.

10. Nierenberg 2002.

11. Simpson-Hebert, M. 1995. “Water, Sanitation, and Women’s Health: The Health Burden of Carrying Water.” The Environmental Health Newsletter 25. Geneva: WHO. Cited in: Women, Men, and Environmental Change: The Gender Dimension of Environmental Policies and Programs, p. 4, by Justine Sass. 2002. Emerging Policy Issues in Population, Health, and the Environment Series. Washington, D.C.: Population Reference Bureau.

12. Nierenberg 2002, p. 45.

13. Women’s Environment and Development Organization. 2003. Common Ground: Women’s Access to Natural Resources and the United Nations Millennium Development Goals, p. 5. New York: Women’s Environment and Development Organization.

14. MacDonald and Nierenberg 2003, p. 52; and “Final Conclusions: Meeting of Women Leaders on the Environment: 7-8 March 2002: Helsinki, Finland.” Web site: www.mtnforum.org/resources/ library/mwlen02a.htm, last accessed 4 May 2004.

 Back to top PreviousNext 
      |      Main Menu      |      Press Kit      |      Charts & Graphs      |      Indicators   |