UNFPAState of World Population 2004
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HOME: STATE OF WORLD POPULATION 2004: Adolescents and Young People
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Adolescents and Young People

Implementing the ICPD Consensus
Second Generation of Programmes
UNFPA Global Survey Findings
Role of NGOs
Key Health and Development Concerns
Meeting Young People’s Needs
Promoting Healthier Behaviour
Youth-friendly Services
Legal Progress
Key Challenges

Legal Progress

In the past several years, a number of countries have passed laws, drafted new constitutions or approved amendments to legal codes that protect and promote adolescents’ rights, including their right to reproductive health care, and aim to eliminate disparities in how boys and girls are treated and valued, within families and by society.

Peru approved legislation guaranteeing a right to education with equal opportunities for girls and boys. Another law seeks to enable rural girls to complete secondary school, and calls for eliminating discrimination against young girls and female adolescents. It also mandates separate health services for women in education facilities. Tunisia has also adopted legislation guaranteeing the right to education—without discrimination based on sex or other factors.

Legislation in Argentina and Panama guarantees pregnant adolescents the right to remain in school. Panama’s law establishes pregnant adolescents’ right to receive integral health care during pregnancy, childbirth and in the post-partum period (services will be provided for free if young people cannot afford care). The Ministry of Health will train teachers to advise students on reproductive health and deter discrimination.

Nicaragua passed a comprehensive law on youth development that enumerates the rights of youth (defined as those aged 18 to 30) to reproductive health information, sexual education, and reproductive rights, including access to family planning services and information on STIs, unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortion and HIV/AIDS.

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