UNFPAState of World Population 2004
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HOME: STATE OF WORLD POPULATION 2004: Population and Poverty
State of World Population
Population and Poverty
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Population and Poverty

Millennium Development Goals
Reproductive Health and the MDGs
Economic Impact of Population Dynamics
HIV/AIDS and Poverty
Ageing Populations
National Action to Reduce Poverty

National Action to Reduce Poverty

Of the 151 developing countries that responded to the UNFPA global survey(10) in 2003, 136 indicated that they had taken into account population-poverty interactions to some degree, although only 77 countries, or 57 per cent, had taken two or more measures to address them. At the time of the last global survey in 1994, only 13 per cent of developing countries reported any action on this issue.

Countries have adopted diverse strategies to address population and poverty, including the adoption of broad population and development measures in 108 countries (79 per cent); the establishment of special strategies for migrants, refugees, internally displaced persons and other vulnerable groups in 39 countries (29 per cent); and the instituting of measures for income generation and women’s empowerment in 25 countries (18 per cent). About 20 countries (14 per cent), had strategies to lower fertility levels while a similar number had strategies to reduce population growth.

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