UNFPAState of World Population 2004
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HOME: STATE OF WORLD POPULATION 2004: Population and Poverty
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Population and Poverty

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Reproductive Health and the MDGs
Economic Impact of Population Dynamics
HIV/AIDS and Poverty
Ageing Populations
National Action to Reduce Poverty

Ageing Populations

Ageing is another aspect of population dynamics that affects the level of poverty. As fertility declines and the population ages, traditional family-based systems for providing old-age care may weaken, leaving the elderly vulnerable. The income security of older persons is a policy concern not only in developed countries but increasingly as well in developing countries such as China that have passed through the demographic transition.(9) Between 2000 and 2050, the proportion of the population aged 65 and older will have doubled in most developing regions (see chart).

Figure 2 : Proportion of population over 65 by region, 2000 and 2050 (projected)

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Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census (2000).
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