UNFPAState of World Population 2004
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HOME: STATE OF WORLD POPULATION 2004: Population and Poverty
State of World Population
Population and Poverty
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Population and Poverty

Millennium Development Goals
Reproductive Health and the MDGs
Economic Impact of Population Dynamics
HIV/AIDS and Poverty
Ageing Populations
National Action to Reduce Poverty

HIV/AIDS and Poverty

In countries with high HIV/AIDS prevalence, the pandemic is killing large numbers of people in their most productive years, increasing the ratio of dependents to working-age populations and creating a worst-case scenario with respect to the demographic transition.

For the seven African countries with adult HIV prevalence of 20 per cent or more, the population is projected to be 35 per cent lower by 2025 than it would have been in the absence of AIDS. By 2020-2025, life expectancy in these countries will be 29 years less than it would be without AIDS, a 41 per cent difference.(8)

There is also growing evidence that per capita economic growth will be diminished as a result of increasing dependency ratios, increased burdens on health systems, constrained investment in productivity and reduced labour forces.

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