UNFPAState of World Population 2004
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State of World Population
Population and Poverty
Population and the Environment
Migration and Urbanization
Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
Reproductive Health and Family Planning
Maternal Health
Preventing HIV/AIDS
Adolescents and Young People
Reproductive Health for Communities in Crisis
Action Priorities
Sources for Boxes
Graphs and Tables


Putting People at the Centre
From Words to Action
Countries Report on Progress
National Ownership and Culture
Birth of a New Global Consensus
Wide-ranging Impact
Long Way to Go
The Way Forward

Wide-ranging Impact

The ICPD’s success in advancing a human rights agenda to address critical health and development challenges has had a broad impact. Since 1994, NGOs, countries and the international community have used the consensus to help advance a far-reaching agenda on empowerment and equality. For example:

  • Countries have stepped up efforts to fight HIV/AIDS using an integrated, comprehensive approach to prevention, treatment, care and support (see Chapter 8).

  • Adolescent reproductive health has become an emerging worldwide concern (see Chapter 9).

  • Early marriage is increasingly being opposed as a risk to girls’ health and a violation of their rights.

  • The persistence of high maternal mortality has sparked an intensified examination of its causes and remedies (see Chapter 7).

  • There is growing recognition of and support for women’s reproductive health needs in emergency situations (see Chapter 10).

  • The UN Security Council in October 2000 unanimously adopted Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security, calling for the special needs of women and girls to be incorporated in all decisions related to repatriation and resettlement, rehabilitation, reintegration and post-conflict reconstruction.

  • A growing number of countries are taking action to prevent and repair obstetric fistula, a terrible injury that happens during childbirth, especially to adolescent mothers.

  • Action to reduce the impact of unsafe abortion— including greater support for quality family planning and post-abortion care, and open discussion informed by cultural values on the circumstances when abortion might be permissible—has grown since the ICPD identified it as a major public health concern.

  • Campaigns against gender-based violence (including domestic violence and the use of rape to terrorize war-affected populations) are gaining broad support in many countries.

  • Calls are increasing for global action to combat trafficking in women and children and coercion in the global sex industry.

  • Strong action is being taken to end female genital cutting (FGC) and other harmful traditional practices once considered too sensitive to discuss; 17 countries have outlawed FGC and many communities have been mobilized to eliminate the practice.

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