UNFPAState of World Population 2004
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State of World Population
Population and Poverty
Population and the Environment
Migration and Urbanization
Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
Reproductive Health and Family Planning
Maternal Health
Preventing HIV/AIDS
Adolescents and Young People
Reproductive Health for Communities in Crisis
Action Priorities
Sources for Boxes
Graphs and Tables


Putting People at the Centre
From Words to Action
Countries Report on Progress
National Ownership and Culture
Birth of a New Global Consensus
Wide-ranging Impact
Long Way to Go
The Way Forward

From Words to Action

As recent country, regional and global reports and surveys make clear, the Cairo agreement has shaped policies and actions over the past ten years addressing a broad range of concerns related to population, reproductive health and gender equality.

At a series of regional conferences marking ten years since the ICPD, governments collectively have strongly reaffirmed their commitment to the Programme of Action, despite efforts by the United States to reopen issues resolved by consensus in Cairo. Many developing countries and countries in transition confirm their national ownership of the ICPD, and report that policies and programmes promoting reproductive health and gender equality are now indispensable parts of their development plans.

And at the Commission on Population and Development’s annual session in 2004, countries agreed that implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action makes “an essential contribution to the achievement of internationally agreed development goals, including those contained in the United Nations Millennium Declaration”. (See Chapter 2 for more on the Millennium Development Goals and their connection to the ICPD.)

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