As recent country, regional and global reports and
surveys make clear, the Cairo agreement has shaped
policies and actions over the past ten years addressing
a broad range of concerns related to population,
reproductive health and gender equality.
At a series of regional conferences marking ten
years since the ICPD, governments collectively have
strongly reaffirmed their commitment to the
Programme of Action, despite efforts by the United
States to reopen issues resolved by consensus in Cairo.
Many developing countries and countries in transition
confirm their national ownership of the ICPD,
and report that policies and programmes promoting
reproductive health and gender equality are now
indispensable parts of their development plans.
And at the Commission on Population and
Development’s annual session in 2004, countries
agreed that implementation of the ICPD Programme
of Action makes “an essential contribution to the
achievement of internationally agreed development
goals, including those contained in the United
Nations Millennium Declaration”. (See Chapter 2 for
more on the Millennium Development Goals and
their connection to the ICPD.)