UNFPAÉtat de la population mondiale 2003
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HOME: ÈTAT DE LA POPULATION MONDIAL 2003: Notes
Ètat de la population mondiale 2003
Sections
Aperçu général de la condition des adolescents
L’inégalité entre les sexes et la santé en matière de reproduction
Le VIH/sida et les adolescents
Promouvoir un comportement plus sain
Répondre aux besoins sur le plan des services de santé en matière de reproduction
Programmes d’ensemble pour adolescents
Donner priorité aux adolescents
Notes
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Notes

CHAPITRE PREMIER
CHAPITRE 2
CHAPITRE 3
CHAPITRE 4
CHAPITRE 5
CHAPITRE 6
CHAPITRE 7

CHAPITRE 3

1 UNICEF, ONUSIDA et OMS. 2002. Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunities in Crisis. New York: UNICEF.

2 Note: Les chiffres sont arrondis. Source: UNICEF, ONUSIDA et OMS 2002. Cité dans : V. M. Lopez. 2002. “HIV and Young People. A Review of the State of the Epidemic and Its Impact on World Youth.” Rapport préparé pour servir d’intrant à : UNICEF. 2003. World Youth Report 2003. New York: UNICEF.

3 USAID, UNICEF et ONUSIDA, 2002. Children on the Brink 2002: A Joint Report on Orphan Estimates and Programme Strategies. Washington, D.C.: The Synergy Project.

4 M. Ainsworth et M. Over. 1997. Confronting AIDS: Public Priorities in a Global Epidemic. Rapport de recherche sur la politique générale, Banque mondiale. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

5 ONUSIDA et OMS. 2001. Mise à jour sur l’épidémie du SIDA : décembre 2001 (UNAIDS/01.74E – WHO/CDS/CSR/NCS/2001.2). Genève : ONUSIDA/OMS.

6 R. Royce et al. 1997. “Sexual Transmission of HIV/AIDS.” The New England Journal of Medicine 336(15): 1072-1078. Cité dans : “Youth and HIV/AIDS: Can We Avoid Catastrophe,” par K. Kiragu. 2001. Population Reports. Série L. No. 12. Baltimore, Maryland: Population Information Program, the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health.

7 K. Best, 2000. “ Many Youths Face Grim STD Risks.” Network 20(3): 4-9.

8 N. Luke, 2001. “Cross-generational and Transactional Sexual Relations in Sub-saharan Africa: A Review of the Evidence on Prevalence and Implications for Negotiation of Safe Sex Practices for Adolescent Girls.” Document établi pour l’International Center for Research on Women pour le projet AIDSMark. Washington, D.C.: International Center for Research on Women.

9 M. Fuglesang, 1997. “Lessons for Life: Past and Present Modes of Sexuality Education in Tanzanian Society.” Social Science and Medicine 44(8): 1245-1254. Cité dans : Luke 2001.

10 UNICEF, ONUSIDA et OMS 2002.

11 Ibid. Les données sont empruntées aux enquêtes à groupes d’indicateurs multiples (MICS) et aux enquêtes démographiques et sanitaires, 1999-2001.

12 A. Brown et al. 2001. Sexual Relations among Young People in Developing Countries: Evidence from WHO Case Studies (WHO/RHR/01.8). Genève : Santé familiale et communautaire, Département de la santé et de la recherche génésiques, OMS.

13 Kiragu 2001.

14 OMS. 1998. The Second Decade: Improving Adolescent Health and Development (WHO/FRH/ADH/98.18), p. 6. Genève : Santé et développement de l’adolescent, OMS.

15 C. MacPhail, B. G. Williams et C. Campbell. 2002. “Relative Risk of HIV Infection among Young Men and Women in a South African Township.” International Journal of STD and AIDS 13(5): 331-342.

16 ONUSIDA et OMS. 1997. Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Policies and Principles for Prevention and Care. Collection des meilleures pratiques d’ONUSIDA : matériel clef. Genève: ONUSIDA. Cité dans : The Tip of the Iceberg: The Global Impact of HIV/AIDS on Youth, par T. Summers, J. Kates et G. Murphy. 2002. Menlo Park, California: The Kaiser Family Foundation.

17 Brown et al. 2001.

18 H. Skhom et al. 2002. “Survey on Health Seeking Behaviour of Women Working in the Entertainment Sector in Phnom Penh.” Phnom Penh, Cambodge: Center for Advanced Study, Pharmaciens sans frontières et Family Health International.

19 Brown et al. 2001.

20 UNICEF, ONUSIDA et OMS 2002.

21 ONUSIDA. 2000. Rapport sur l’épidémie mondiale du VIH/sida : juin 2000 (UNAIDS/00/13E). Genève : ONUSIDA. Cité dans : Kiragu 2001.

22 S. Babalola, D. Awasum et B. Quenum- Renaud. 2002. “The Correlates of Safe Sex Practices among Rwandan Youth: A Positive Deviance Approach.” African Journal of AIDS Research 1(1): 11-21.

23 J. Jackson et al. 1998.The Jamaica Adolescent Study. Kingston, Jamaïque et Research Triangle Park, Caroline du Nord : Fertility Management Unit, University of the West Indies, et Family Health International.

24 L. Reichman et J. Tanne. 2002. Timebomb: The Global Epidemic of Multi- Drug Resistant Tuberculosis. New York: McGraw-Hill. Cité dans : What Works: A Policy and Program Guide to Effective STI/HIV/AIDS Interventions, par J. Gay et al. (À paraître.) Washington, D.C.: The POLICY Project.

25 D. Thompson, 2002. Coordinates 2002: Charting Progress against AIDS, TB and Malaria. Genève : OMS.

26 Ibid.

27 UNICEF, ONUSIDA et OMS 2002.

28 USAID, UNICEF et ONUSIDA 2002, p., 9.

29 Ibid.

30 Banque mondiale. 2002. Education and HIV/AIDS: A Window of Hope. Washington, D.C.: Banque mondiale. Cité dans : The Tip of the Iceberg: The Global Impact of HIV/AIDS on Youth, par T. Summers, J. Kates et G. Murphy. 2002. Menlo Park, Californie : The Kaiser Family Foundation.

31 USAID, UNICEF et ONUSIDA 2002.

32 R. Ramlow, 2001. “Social Marketing for HIV/AIDS Prevention in Indonesia.” Communication présentée au Dialogue on Social Marketing and Other Commercial Approaches to Improving Adolescent Reproductive Health, Washington, D.C., 15 février 2001. Washington, D.C.: Pathfinder International/FOCUS on Young Adults.

33 Population Services International et Population Reference Bureau. 2000. Social Marketing for Adolescent Sexual Health: Results of Operations Research Projects in Botswana, Cameroon, Guinea, and South Africa. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International et Population Reference Bureau; S. Agha, 2000. “An Evaluation of Adolescent Sexual Health Programs in Cameroon, Botswana, South Africa, and Guinea.” Population Services International Research Division Working Paper. No. 29. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International; et R. Van Rossen et D. Meekers. 1999. “The Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Targeted Social Marketing to Promote Adolescent Reproductive Health in Guinea.” Population Services International Research Division Working Paper. No. 23. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International.

34 D. Meekers et M. Klein. 2003. “Determinants of Condom Use Among Young People in Urban Cameroon.” Studies in Family Planning 33(4): 335-346.

35 I. Nyamongo, 1995. “Investigation into Condom Acceptability, Sexual Behaviour and Attitudes about HIV Infection and AIDS Among Adolescent Students in Kenya.” Rapport non publié. Nairobi, Kenya: Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi. Cité dans : Brown et al. 2001.

36 N. Kgosidintsi, 1997. “Sexual Behaviour and Risk of HIV Infection Among Adolescent Females in Botswana.” Rapport non publié. Gabarone, Botswana: National Institute of Development, Research and Documentation. Cité dans : Brown et al. 2001.

37 S. Heald, 2002. “It’s Never As Easy as ABC: Understandings of AIDS in Botswana.” African Journal of AIDS Research 1(1): 1-10.

38 I. Sarafian, 2001. “Final Report on Findings: HIV/AIDS and Youth in Suriname.” Paramaribo, Suriname: OPS/OMS.

39 Best 2000.

40 FOCUS on Young Adults. 2001. Advancing Young Adult Reproductive Health: Actions for the Next Decade. Rapport de fin de programme: 2001. Washington, D.C.: Pathfinder International et the Futures Group.

41 Horizons Program, Partenaires du projet Kenya et Partenaires du projet Ouganda. 2001. HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing Among Youth: Results from an Exploratory Study in Nairobi, Kenya, and Kampala and Masaka, Uganda. Washington, D.C.: Horizons Program, the Population Council.

42 Thompson 2002.

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