UNFPAState of World Population 2003
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HOME: STATE OF WORLD POPULATION 2003: Sources for Boxes
State of World Population
Sections
Overview of Adolescent Life
Gender Inequality and Reproductive Health
HIV/AIDS and Adolescents
Promoting Healthier Behavior
Meeting Reproductive Health Services Needs
Comprehensive Programmes for Adolescents
Giving Priority to Adolescents
Notes
Sources for Boxes
Indicators
Graphs and Tables

Sources for Boxes

CHAPTER 1

  1. United Nations. 1999. Key Actions for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (A/S- 21/5/Add.1), paragraph 73. New York: United Nations; United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child. 2003. “General Comment No. 4 (2003): Adolescent Health and Development in the Context of the Convention on the Rights of the Child” (CRC/GC/2003/4), 33rd session, paragraph 21. New York: United Nations; and United Nations. 1999. “General Recommendation 24: Article of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women: Women and Health Article 12,” paragraph 8. Report of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Twentieth Session (A/54/38 [Part 1]). New York: United Nations.

  2. United Nations. 2003. World Population Prospects: The 2002 Revision. New York: Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

  3. See web site: www.swcp.com/shinealight/ Pages/Caracol.html, accessed 20 December 2002; and the Child Welfare Scheme. 2002. Web site: www.childwelfarescheme.org, accessed 20 December 2002.

  4. Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children. 2002. “Precious Resources: Participatory Research Study with Adolescents and Youth in Sierra Leone: April-July 2002.” New York: Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children. Web site:

  5. Cook, R., and B. M. Dickens. 2000. “Recognizing Adolescents’ ‘Evolving Capacities’ to Exercise Choice in Reproductive Health Care,” p. 16. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 70(1): 13-21.

CHAPTER 2

  1. Bruce, J. 2002. “Married Adolescent Girls: Human Rights, Health and Developmental Needs of a Neglected Majority.” United Nations Special Session on Children, New York, 8-10May 2002.

  2. UNFPA. 2003. “Afghan Teens Speak Out Against Early Marriage: World Population Day: A Personal Story.” News feature. New York: UNFPA.

  3. Barkat, A., et al. 1999. The RSDP/ Pathfinder Bangladesh Newlywed Strategy: Results of an Assessment. Washington, D.C.: FOCUS on Young Adults; and Bond, K., and L. MacLaren. 1998. “Report on Consultancy to NIPHP Partners, Bangladesh, 19 November- 14 December 1998.” Washington, D.C.: FOCUS on Young Adults.

  4. Campbell, C., and C. MacPhail. 2002. “Peer Education, Gender and the Development of Critical Consciousness: Participatory HIV Prevention by South African Youth,” p. 332. Social Science and Medicine 55(2): 331-345; Brown, A., et al. 2001. Sexual Relations among Young People in Developing Countries: Evidence from WHO Case Studies (WHO/RHR/01.8). Occasional Paper. Geneva: Family and Community Health, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, and WHO; Eggleston, E., J. Jackson, and K. Hardee. 1999. “Sexual Attitudes and Behaviour among Young Adolescents in Jamaica.” International Family Planning Perspectives 25(2): 78-85; and Barker, G. 2000. “Gender- Equitable Boys in a Gender Inequitable World: Reflections From Qualitative Research and Programme Development in Rio de Janeiro.” Sexual and Relationship Therapy 15(3): 262-282.

CHAPTER 3

  1. Shelton, J. 29 July 2002. “ABC Approach to Behaviour Change.” Jim Shelton’s Pearls. Web site:

  2. Population Services International and Population Reference Bureau. 2000. Social Marketing for Adolescent Sexual Health: Results of Operations Research Projects in Botswana, Cameroon, Guinea, and South Africa. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International and Population Reference Bureau.

  3. Horizons Program, Kenya Project Partners, and Uganda Project Partners. 2001. HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing Among Youth: Results from an Exploratory Study in Nairobi, Kenya, and Kampala and Masaka, Uganda. Washington, D.C.: Horizons Program, the Population Council.

CHAPTER 4

  1. Hogle, J. A., et al. 2002. “What Happened in Uganda: Declining HIV Prevalence, Behaviour Change and the National Response.” Project Lessons Learned Case Study. September. Washington, D.C.: USAID; and Wendo, C. 2002. “School HIV/AIDS Manual Ready.” Kampala, Uganda: New Vision. Web site:

  2. Stewart, H., et al. 2001. Reducing HIV Infection Among Youth: What Can Schools Do: Key Baseline Findings from Mexico, South Africa, and Thailand. Washington, D.C.: Horizons Program, the Population Council.

  3. Ryan, W. A. September 2002. Interview with Mmagokgoshi Morema.

  4. Rose-Avila, M. 1990. “Peer Education with Gang Members: Protecting Life and Health.” FOCUS Project Highlights. Washington, D.C.: FOCUS on Young Adults. Web site:

  5. UNFPA. 5 June 2003. “Moving Beyond Excuses: Eastern European Ad Campaign Promotes Condom Use.” News feature. New York: UNFPA. Web site: www.unfpa.org/news/news.cfm?ID=326.

CHAPTER 5

  1. Murray C., and A. Lopez. 1998. Health Dimensions of Sex and Reproduction: The Global Burden of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, HIV, Maternal Conditions, Perinatal Disorders and Congenital Anomalies. Geneva: WHO; and UNFPA and EngenderHealth. 2003. Obstetric Fistula Needs Assessment Report: Findings from Nine African Countries. New York: UNFPA and EngenderHealth.

  2. Senderowitz, J. 1999. Making Reproductive Health Services Youth Friendly. Research, Program and Policy Series. Washington, D.C.: FOCUS on Young Adults, Pathfinder International.

  3. Barkat, A., et al. 1999. The RSDP/Pathfinder Bangladesh Newlywed Strategy: Results of an Assessment. Washington, D.C.: FOCUS on Young Adults; and Bond, K., and L. MacLaren. 1998. “Report on Consultancy to NIPHP Partners, Bangladesh, 19 November- 14 December 1998.” Washington, D.C.: FOCUS on Young Adults.

CHAPTER 6

  1. Dickson-Tetteh, K., A. Pettifor, and W. Moleko. 2001. “Working with Public Sector Clinics to Provide Adolescent- Friendly Services in South Africa.” Reproductive Health Matters 9(17): 160-169. See also: Kaiser Family Foundation web site:

  2. UNFPA. 2003. “Project RLA/97/P07: The Right to Have Dreams and a Duty to Plan Them.” Project report submitted by UNFPA Panama Field Office.

  3. Bernstein, S. November 2002. Site visit.

CHAPTER 7

  1. United Nations. 2000. Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly: 55/2: United Nations Millennium Declaration (A/RES/55/2). New York: United Nations. See also web site:

  2. Rosen, J. 2001. Formulating and Implementing National Youth Policy: Lessons from Bolivia and the Dominican Republic. Washington, D.C.: FOCUS on Young Adults, Pathfinder International.

  3. Material submitted by: Bogaarts, Y. 2003. World Population Foundation.

  4. Barcelona, D., Adolescent Youth Cluster, UNFPA. 2003. Personal communication.

  5. UNFPA. 18 March 2002. News Feature. Web site: www.unfpa.org/news/ news.cfm?ID=116&Language=1.

  6. United Nations. 1999. Key Actions for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (A/S-21/5 Add. 1). New York: United Nations.

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