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- Economic data are from: The World Bank.
2002. World Development Indicators 2002.
Washington D.C.: World Bank Development
- See: the review of a large body of research in
Amy Ong Tsui's chapter, "Population Policies,
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The Record." In: Global Fertility Transition,
edited by Rodolfo A. Bulatao and John B.
Casterline. 2001. New York: The Population
Council; Bongaarts, John. 1997. "The Role of
Family Planning Programs in Contemporary
Fertility Transitions." Pp. 422-444 in:
The Continuing Transition, edited by G.W.
Jones, et al. 1997. Oxford: Clarendon Press;
Caldwell, J. C. (Forthcoming.) "The
Contemporary Population Challenge." Paper
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Population Division, Department of Economic
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Method Choice and Fertility:
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Hill, North Carolina: The EVALUATION Project,
Carolina Population Center, University
of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Sinding, S.
2002. "The Role of International Funding in
Future Fertility Declines Among Intermediate
Fertility Countries." Paper presented
at the United Nations Population Division
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Fertility Transition, Population Division,
Department of Economic and Social Affairs,
United Nations, New York, New York, 11-14
- The World Bank. 2001. Engendering
Development through Gender Equality in
Rights, Resources, and Voice. World Bank
Policy Research Report. Washington, D.C.:
The World Bank; and Behrman, J., S. Duryea,
and M. Szekely. 1999. "Intergenerational
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- The World Bank. 2002. From Many Lands.
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- Important recent contributions to the fundamental
debate can be found in: National
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Forecasting the World's Population. Panel on
Population Projections. Washington D. C.:
National Academy Press; Bulatao, R. A., and
J. B. Casterline (eds.) 2001. The Global
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Vaupel, and D. Ahlberg (eds.) 1999. Frontiers
of Population Forecasting. Special monograph
supplement to Population and
Development Review 25. Idiosyncratic alternate
assessments can be found in: Eberstadt,
N. 2001. "The Population Implosion."
Foreign Policy 123, debated in: Barroso, C., et
al. 2001. "Is There A Population Implosion?"
Environmental Change and Security Report.
No. 7, pp. 101-124. Washington D.C.:
Woodrow Wilson Center for International
Scholars. The implications of these decisions
were reviewed at: the Expert Group Meeting
on Policy Responses to Population Ageing
and Population Decline, New York, New York,
16-18 October 2000; the Workshop on
Prospects for Fertility Decline in High Fertility
Countries, New York, 9-11 July 2001; and
the Expert Group Meeting on Completing the
Fertility Transition, New York, 11-14 March
2002 (see: web site: http://www.un.org/
- Haddad, L., et al. 1996. "Food Security and
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A. 2001. "The 'Feminization of Hunger':
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of PROGRESA on Women's Status and
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Consumption and Nutrition Division.
Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy
Research Institute; and Gomez de Leon, J., et
al. 1997. "The Evaluation of PROGRESA."
Paper prepared for a seminar on Evaluation
of the New Anti-Poverty Programme in
Mexico, Inter-American Development Bank,
Washington, D.C., 10 December 1997.
- Hashemi, S., S. Schuler, and A. Riley. 1996.
"Rural Credit Programs and Women's
Empowerment in Bangladesh." World
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1998. "Money Can't Buy Me Love: Re-
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in Rural Bangladesh." IDS Discussion Paper.
No. 363. Brighton, United Kingdom: University
of Sussex; Khandker, S. R., and M. A.
Latif. 1996. "The Role of Family Planning and
Targeted Credit Programs in Demographic
Change in Bangladesh." World Bank
Discussion Paper. No. 337. Washington, D.C.:
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Microfinance Revolution." Paper. Cambridge,
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Harvard University; Pitt, M., and S. Khandker.
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Journal of Political Economy 106(5):
958-996; Rahman, M., and J. DaVanzo.
1997. "Influence of the Grameen Bank
on Contraceptive se in Bangladesh." Draft
paper presented at the Population Council,
New York, New York, 15 December 1997; and
Schuler, S. R., and S. M. Hashemi. 1994.
"Credit Programs, Women's Empowerment,
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Studies in Family Planning 25(2): 65-76.
- Correa, S., S. Piola, and M. Arilha. 1999.
"Brazil Case Study," p. 26. Pp. 25-26 in
Reproductive Health in Policy and Practice:
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and ganda, edited by L. Ashford and
C. Makinson. 1999. Washington, DC:
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Planned Parenthood Federation. 2001.
Brazil country profile. www.ippfwhr.org; and
Gogna, M. 2000. "Comparative Analysis
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- Joint United Nations Programme on
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to Opportunity, p. 75-76. Joint United
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- Ahmed, R. 2000. "The Food for Education
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and Arends-Kuenning, M., and S. Amin.
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- All quotes are taken from: Commission on
Macro-economics and Health, World
Health Organization (WHO). 2001. Macroeconomics
and Health: Investing in Health
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- Narayan, D. 2000. "What do the Poor
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Seminars on Poverty, Health, Nutrition, and
Population, February 2000. Washington,
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D., et al. 1999. "Global Synthesis:
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Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
- Presentation by: C. Velasco (Pro Mujer,
Bolivia), S. Daley-Harris (Director,
Microcredit Summit Campaign; Research
Education Fund), and E. Vor der Brugge
(Senior Vice President, Freedom from
Hunger) at NFPA, May 2002; and
Steele, F., S. Amin, and R. T. Naved. 2001.
"Savings/credit Group Formation and
Change in Contraception." Demography
- See: The World Bank. 1993. World
Development Report 1993: Investing in
Health. Washington D.C.: The World Bank;
and Murray, C. J. L., and A. D. Lopez (eds.).
1996. The Global Burden of Disease. Global
Burden of Disease and Injury Series, vol. 1.
Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University
Press. For a more extended discussion,
see: AbouZahr, C., and J. P. Vaughan. 2000.
"Assessing the Burden of Sexual and
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Bulletin of the World Health Organization
- European Union Development Council.
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of the Council and the Governments of
Member States, 2429th Council Meeting,
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- Dodd, N., J. Upadhyay, and P. Friel. 2001.
"Commodity Security." IPPF Medical Bulletin
35(6): 3-4; and UNFPA. 2002. Reproductive
Health Essentials: Securing the Supply:
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- Government of Nicaragua. July 2001.
"Strengthened Economic Growth and
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Government of Nicaragua.