UNFPAState of World Population 2002
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HOME: STATE OF WORLD POPULATION 2002: Poverty and Education
State of World Population
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Poverty and Education

Overview
Wealth Differentials in Access and Attainment
The Gender Gap
Returns on Education Investments for the Poor
Meeting the Goals of the ICPD

Meeting the Goals of the ICPD

One focus of the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo in 1994 was the promotion of educational opportunities, especially for women, as a means to promote social and economic development. Universal completion of primary education was set as a 20-year goal, as was wider access to secondary and higher education among girls and women.

Following the conference, many governments and NGOs made additional efforts to expand educational access for poor, particularly poor women. Programmes have included school fee subsidies, waivers, and vouchers, promotion of parental and community participation, and experiments with the expansion of private sector provision. And education is increasingly linked to programmes in the health and economic sectors as recognition of their intrinsic relationship grows.

At the fifth-year review of progress since the ICPD, new education goals were set: access to universal primary education by 2015, an increase in primary school enrolments to at least 90 per cent for both boys and girls by 2010, and a reduction by half of the 1990 illiteracy rate for women and girls by 2005. Renewed efforts at both the international and national level will be needed to achieve these goals. Special attention must be paid to the poor.



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