The State of World Population 2001 The State of World Population 2001
Monitoring ICPD Goals: Selected Indicators

  Indicators of Mortality

Indicators of Education

Reproductive Health Indicators

  Infant mortality
Total per 1,000 live births
Life expectancy Maternal mortality ratio Primary enrolment (gross) Proportion reaching
final grade
Secondary enrolment (gross) %
Illiterate
(>15 years)
Births per 1,000 women
aged 15-19
Contraceptive prevalence HIV prevalence rate (%)
(15-24)
M/F M/F M/F M/F M/F Any method Modern methods M/F
 
World Total 55 63.9 / 68.1 400 50 62 56
More developed regions (*) 8 71.9 / 79.3  21 27 70 59
Less developed regions (+) 59 62.5 / 65.7  440 54 60 55
Least developed countries () 92 50.6 / 52.2  1,000 127  
 
Africa (1) 87 50.5 / 52.1  1,000 108 25 20
Eastern Africa 94 44.8 / 46.0   112 20  15
Burundi 111 39.8 / 41.4  1,900 55 / 46 74 / 73 8 / 5 43 / 58 60 9 1 5.69 / 11.60
Eritrea 82 51.1 / 53.7 1,100 59 / 48 73 / 67 24 / 17 32 / 54 112 5 4
Ethiopia 106 42.8 / 43.8  1,800 55 / 30 47 / 46 14 / 10 56 / 65 78 8 6 7.50 / 11.86
Kenya 59 48.7 / 49.9 1,300 85 / 85 26 / 22 11 / 23 90 39 32 6.39 / 13.02
Madagascar 91 52.5 / 54.8 580 92 / 91 49 / 33 16 / 16 26 / 39 136 19 10 0.04 / 0.13
Malawi 130 39.6 / 39.0 580 140 / 127 42 / 35 21 / 12 25 / 52 152 22 14 7.04 / 15.26
Mauritius (2) 16 68.4 / 75.8 45 106 / 106 96 / 98 63 / 66 12 / 18 34 75 49 0.04 / 0.04
Mozambique 128 37.3 / 38.6 980 70 / 50 52 / 39 9 / 5 39 / 70 129 6 5 6.73 / 14.74
Rwanda 119 40.2 / 41.7 2,300 82 / 80 12 / 9 25 / 38 60 14 7 5.22 / 10.63
Somalia 113 47.4 / 50.5 1,600 213
Uganda 94 45.3 / 46.8 1,100 81 / 68 15 / 9 22 / 42 211 15 8 3.84 / 7.82
United Republic of Tanzania 73 50.1 / 52.0 1,100 67 / 66 68 / 75 6 / 5 15 / 31 92 24 16 3.96 / 8.06
Zambia 80 42.6 / 41.7 870 91 / 86 34 / 21 14 / 27 146 25 14 8.20 / 17.77
Zimbabwe 55 43.3 / 42.4 610 115 / 111 76 / 76 52 / 45 7 / 14 105 54 50 11.31 / 24.50

Middle Africa (3) 87 48.8 / 51.1 1,000 204 10 3
Angola 118 44.5 / 47.1 1,300 95 / 88 229 1.25 / 2.72
Cameroon 79 49.3 / 50.6 720 93 / 84 32 / 22 17 / 29 127 19 7 3.82 / 7.78
Central African Republic 93 42.7 / 46.0 1,200 69 / 45 15 / 6 39 / 64 141 15 3 6.91 / 14.07
Chad 116 45.1 / 47.5 1,500 76 / 39 53 / 41 15 / 4 47 / 64 195 4 1 1.92 / 3.03
Congo, Democratic Republic of (4) 77 51.0 / 53.3 940 86 / 59 67 / 45 32 / 19 26 / 48 230 8 2 2.49 / 5.07
Congo, Republic of 66 49.6 / 53.7 1,100 120 / 109 25 / 56 62 / 45 12 / 24 146 3.17 / 6.46
Gabon 80 51.8 / 54.0 620 50 / 52 161 2.32 / 4.72

Northern Africa (5) 49 64.8 / 68.0 450 48 44
Algeria 43 68.7 / 71.8 150 113 / 102 89 / 92 65 / 62 21 / 42 20 52 49
Egypt 40 66.7 / 69.9 170 108 / 94 83 / 73 33 / 55 34 47 46
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 25 69.2 / 73.3 120 110 / 111 9 / 30 35 40 26
Morocco 42 66.8 / 70.5 390 97 / 74 69 / 68 44 / 34 37 / 63 28 50 42
Sudan 78 55.6 / 58.4 1,500 55 / 47 78 / 82 23 / 20 29 / 52 57 8 7
Tunisia 26 69.6 / 72.2 70 122 / 114 84 / 87 66 / 63 18 / 38 17 60 51

Southern Africa 63 45.6 / 47.1 360 52 50
Botswana 67 36.5 / 35.6 480 107 / 108 81 / 91 61 / 68 25 / 19 63 33 32 15.84 / 34.31
Lesotho 111 40.9 / 39.6 530 102 / 114 58 / 77 25 / 36 27 / 6 67 23 19 12.05 / 26.40
Namibia 65 44.3 / 44.1 370 129 / 132 63 / 70 58 / 67 17 / 18 81 29 26 9.14 / 19.80
South Africa 59 46.5 / 48.3 340 135 / 131 63 / 73 88 / 103 14 / 15 73 56 55 11.34 / 24.82

Western Africa (6) 87 50.7 / 51.8 1,100 123 14 8
Benin 81 52.5 / 55.7 880 98 / 57 54 / 45 26 / 11 42 / 74 113 16 3 0.89 / 2.24
Burkina Faso 87 47.0 / 49.0 1,400 48 / 31 77 / 76 11 / 6 65 / 85 151 12 5 2.31 / 5.79
Côte d'Ivoire 81 47.7 / 48.1 1.200 82 / 60 77 / 67 34 / 16 44 / 60 121 11 4 3.78 / 9.51
Ghana 62 56.0 / 58.5 590 84 / 74 80 / 76 44 / 28 19 / 36 78 22 13 1.36 / 3.42
Guinea 114 48.0 / 49.0 1,200 68 / 41 79 / 52 20 / 7 168 6 4 0.57 / 1.43
Guinea-Bissau 121 44.0 / 46.9 910 79 / 45 39 / 80 195 0.99 / 2.48
Liberia 79 54.6 / 56.7 1,000 29 / 61 230 6 6 0.85 / 2.15
Mali 120 51.1 / 53.0 630 58 / 40 86 / 61 17 / 8 50 / 64 195 7 5 1.31 / 2.07
Mauritania 97 50.9 / 54.1 870 84 / 75 56 / 62 21 / 11 47 / 67 147 3 1 0.37 / 0.59
Niger 126 45.9 / 46.5 920 36 / 23 66 / 68 9 / 5 76 / 91 233 8 5 0.95 / 1.50
Nigeria 79 52.0 / 52.2 1,100 109 / 87 36 / 30 27 / 43 104 6 4 2.52 / 5.12
Senegal 57 52.5 / 56.2 1,200 78 / 65 87 / 80 20 / 12 52 / 71 100 13 8 0.71 / 1.60
Sierra Leone 146 39.2 / 41.8 2,100 60 / 41 22 / 13 212 1.16 / 2.92
Togo 75 51.1 / 53.3 980 140 / 99 71 / 47 40 / 14 25 / 58 93 24 7 2.20 / 5.53
 
Asia 53 65.8 / 69.2 280 7 66 61
Eastern Asia (8) 34 69.9 / 74.9 55 82 80
China 37 69.1 / 73.5 60 122 / 123 93 / 94 74 / 66 8 / 23 5 83 83 0.12 / 0.02
Democratic People's Republic
of Korea 39 62.5 / 68.0 35 2 62 53
Hong Kong, China (9) 4 77.3 / 82.8 93 / 95 99 71 / 76 3 / 9 7 86 80 0.10 / 0.05
Japan 3 77.8 / 85.0 12 10 101 / 101 100 / 100 103 / 104 4 59 53 0.03 / 0.01
Mongolia 58 61.9 / 65.9 65 86 / 91 89 / 92 48 / 65 53 61 25
Republic of Korea 7 71.8 / 79.1 20 94 / 95 98 / 98 102 / 102 1 / 3 3 81 67 0.02 / 0.00

South-eastern Asia 41 64.8 / 69.2 300 58 50
Cambodia 73 53.6 / 58.6 590 123 / 104 42 / 36 31 / 17 20 / 41 97 13 7 2.36 / 3.51
Indonesia 40 65.3 / 69.3 470 115 / 110 82 / 84 55 / 48 8 / 17 53 57 55 0.03 / 0.03
Lao People's Democratic Republic 88 53.3 / 55.8 650 123 / 101 57 / 54 34 / 23 35 / 65 91 19 15 0.04 / 0.05
Malaysia 10 70.6 / 75.5 39 101 / 101 96 / 99 59 / 69 8 / 16 18 55 30 0.57 / 0.09
Myanmar 87 53.8 / 58.8 170 122 / 117 29 / 30 11 / 19 29 33 28 1.04 / 1.72
Philippines 29 68.0 / 72.0 240 115 / 113 77 / 78 4 / 5 33 46 28 0.03 / 0.06
Singapore 5 75.9 / 80.3 9 95 / 93 74 / 70 4 / 11 7 74 73 0.22 / 0.16
Thailand 21 67.9 / 73.8 44 98 / 96 38 / 37 3 / 6 51 72 70 1.18 / 2.32
Viet Nam 34 66.9 / 71.6 95 115 / 111 48 / 46 4 / 8 20 75 56 0.27 / 0.09

South Central Asia 69 62.7 / 64.1 410 48 41
Afghanistan 161 43.0 / 43.5 820 64 / 32 32 / 12 47 / 77 111 2 2
Bangladesh 67 60.6 / 60.8 600 77 / 66 25 / 13 47 / 69 125 54 43 0.01 / 0.01
Bhutan 54 62.0 / 64.5 500 69 / 74 57 19 19
India 65 63.6 / 64.9 440 109 / 90 61 / 55 59 / 39 31 / 54 44 48 43 0.36 / 0.61
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 36 68.8 / 70.8 130 102 / 95 92 / 89 81 / 73 16 / 29 28 73 56
Nepal 71 60.1 / 59.6 830 129 / 96 52 / 52 51 / 33 40 / 75 124 29 26 0.14 / 0.20
Pakistan 87 61.2 / 60.9 200 87 / 42 33 / 17 39 / 68 50 24 17 0.06 / 0.04
Sri Lanka 20 69.9 / 75.9 60 110 / 108 92 / 93 72 / 78 5 / 11 23 66 44 0.04 / 0.05

Western Asia 39 68.0 / 72.1 230 48 29
Iraq 64 63.5 / 66.5 370 92 / 78 51 / 32 34 / 53 41 14 10
Israel 6 77.1 / 81.0 8 96 / 96 89 / 87 2 / 6 17 0.06 / 0.06
Jordan 23 69.7 / 72.5 41 94 / 95 76 / 82 5 / 15 38 53 38
Kuwait 11 74.9 / 79.0 25 78 / 77 94 / 97 64 / 66 15 / 19 28 50 47
Lebanon 17 71.9 / 75.1 130 113 / 108 78 / 84 8 / 19 25 61 37
Occupied Palestinian Territory 21 70.8 / 74.0 73 / 82 94
Oman 23 70.2 / 73.2 120 78 / 74 94 / 93 68 / 66 19 / 37 89 24 18
Saudi Arabia 21 71.1 / 73.7 23 77 / 75 87 / 89 65 / 57 15 / 32 48 32 29
Syrian Arab Republic 22 70.6 / 73.1 200 106 / 96 89 / 89 45 / 40 11 / 38 38 36 28
Turkey (11) 39 68.0 / 73.2 55 111 / 104 93 / 96 68 / 48 6 / 23 51 64 38
United Arab Emirates 11 74.1 / 78.4 30 91 / 87 95 / 96 77 / 82 26 / 20 64 28 24
Yemen 62 60.7 / 62.9 850 100 / 40 53 / 14 32 / 73 125 21 10
 
Europe 9 69.6 / 77.9 28 21 70 55
Eastern Europe 15 63.1 / 73.8 50 63 35
Bulgaria 15 67.1 / 74.8 23 100 / 98 90 / 89 77 / 76 1 / 2 41 86 46
Czech Republic 5 72.1 / 78.7 14 105 / 103 98 / 98 97 / 100 17 69 45 0.06 / 0.03
Hungary 9 67.8 / 76.1 23 104 / 102 93 96 / 99 1 / 1 21 77 68 0.08 / 0.02
Poland 9 69.8 / 78.0 12 97 / 95 95 98 / 97 0 / 0 16 49 19
Romania 22 66.5 / 73.3 60 104 / 103 95 79 / 78 1 / 3 37 64 30 0.02 / 0.02
Slovakia 8 69.8 / 77.6 14 102 / 102 96 / 97 92 / 96 24 74 41 0.02 / 0.01

Northern Europe (12) 5 74.9 / 80.5 12 20 78 76
Denmark 5 74.2 / 79.1 15 102 / 101 100 / 99 120 / 122 7 78 72 0.16 / 0.08
Estonia 10 65.8 / 76.4 80 95 / 93 96 / 97 100 / 108 27 70 56
Finland 4 74.4 / 81.5 6 98 / 99 99 / 100 110 / 125 7 77 75 0.03 / 0.02
Ireland 6 74.4 / 79.6 9 105 / 104 99 / 100 113 / 122 16 0.06 / 0.05
Latvia 14 65.7 / 76.2 70 98 / 93 97 82 / 85 0 / 0 21 48 39 0.18 / 0.06
Lithuania 9 67.6 / 77.7 27 99 / 96 99 / 98 85 / 88 0 / 0 27 59 40
Norway 5 76.0 / 81.9 9 100 / 100 100 / 100 121 / 116 10 74 69 0.06 / 0.03
Sweden 3 77.6 / 82.6 8 106 / 107 97 / 97 128 / 153 5 78 72 0.06 / 0.04
United Kingdom 5 75.7 / 80.7 10 115 / 116 120 / 139 24 82 82 0.09 / 0.05

Southern Europe (13) 7 74.4 / 80.8 12 11 67 45
Albania 25 70.9 / 76.7 31 106 / 108 77 / 83 37 / 38 8 / 22 16
Bosnia & Herzegovina 14 71.3 / 76.7 15 23
Croatia 8 70.3 / 78.1 18 88 / 87 100 / 100 81 / 83 1 / 3 19 0.02 / 0.01
Greece 6 75.9 / 81.2 2 93 / 93 99 / 100 95 / 96 1 / 4 10 0.12 / 0.05
Italy 5 75.5 / 81.9 11 101 / 100 98 / 99 94 / 95 1 / 2 6 78 32 0.29 / 0.24
Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of) 16 71.4 / 75.8 17 100 / 98 87 / 89 64 / 62 26
Portugal 6 72.6 / 79.6 12 131 / 124 106 / 116 5 / 10 17 66 33 0.57 / 0.25
Slovenia 6 72.3 / 79.6 17 98 / 98 100 / 100 90 / 93 0 / 0 8 0.03 / 0.01
Spain 5 75.4 / 82.3 8 109 / 108 98 / 99 116 / 123 1 / 3 6 81 67 0.48 / 0.22
Yugoslavia 13 70.9 / 75.6 15 69 / 70 98 60 / 64 25 55 12

Western Europe (14) 5 75.2 / 81.7 14 9 75 71
Austria 5 75.4 / 81.5 11 100 / 100 105 / 102 12 51 47 0.19 / 0.10
Belgium 4 75.7 / 81.9 8 104 / 102 142 / 151 8 78 74 0.11 / 0.11
France 5 75.2 / 82.8 20 106 / 104 96 112 / 111 9 75 69 0.33 / 0.23
Germany 5 75.0 / 81.1 12 104 / 104 99 / 100 105 / 103 11 75 72 0.09 / 0.04
Netherlands 5 75.6 / 81.0 10 109 / 107 134 / 129 4 79 76 0.18 / 0.08
Switzerland 5 75.9 / 82.3 8 5 82 78 0.37 / 0.33
 
Latin America & Caribbean 32 67.2 / 73.6 190 71 69 60
Caribbean (15) 35 65.4 / 70.9 400 68 59 56
Cuba 7 74.8 / 78.7 24 108 / 104 100 76 / 85 3 / 3 65 70 67 0.06 / 0.02
Dominican Republic 36 64.4 / 70.1 110 94 / 94 47 / 61 16 / 16 93 64 59 2.58 / 2.78
Haiti 61 50.2 / 56.5 1,100 49 / 46 21 / 20 47 / 51 64 28 22 4.88 / 2.91
Jamaica 20 73.7 / 77.8 120 100 / 99 63 / 67 17 / 9 46 66 63 0.59 / 0.40
Puerto Rico 10 71.2 / 80.1 30 6 / 6 63 78 68
Trinidad & Tobago 13 72.5 / 77.2 65 99 / 98 72 / 75 1 / 2 34 53 44 0.84 / 0.59

Central America 30 69.1 / 74.7 110 63 55
Belize 30 73.0 / 75.9 140 123 / 119 57 / 58 47 / 52 6 / 7 79 47 42 2.17 / 0.88
Costa Rica 11 75.0 / 79.7 35 104 / 103 81 / 85 47 / 52 4 / 4 81 75 65 0.65 / 0.28
El Salvador 26 67.7 / 73.7 180 98 / 96 49 / 49 35 / 39 18 / 23 87 60 54 0.68 / 0.27
Guatemala 41 63.0 / 68.9 270 93 / 82 46 / 42 27 / 25 23 / 38 111 38 31 1.16 / 0.92
Honduras 33 63.2 / 69.1 220 110 / 112 54 29 / 37 25 / 25 103 50 41 1.40 / 1.66
Mexico 28 70.4 / 76.4 65 116 / 113 82 / 84 64 / 64 6 / 10 64 67 58 0.40 / 0.06
Nicaragua 36 67.2 / 71.9 250 100 / 102 51 / 55 52 / 62 33 / 29 138 60 57 0.22 / 0.06
Panama 19 72.6 / 77.3 100 108 / 104 60 / 65 7 / 9 75 58 54 1.65 / 1.36

South America (16) 33 66.7 / 73.6 200 70 73 63
Argentina 20 70.6 / 77.7 85 114 / 113 73 / 81 3 / 3 61 0.86 / 0.29
Bolivia 56 61.9 / 65.3 550 99 / 90 40 / 34 8 / 20 75 48 25 0.13 / 0.03
Brazil 38 64.7 / 72.6 260 38 15 / 14 71 77 70 0.70 / 0.28
Chile 12 73.0 / 79.0 33 103 / 100 94 / 99 72 / 78 4 / 4 44 0.29 / 0.08
Colombia 26 69.2 / 75.3 120 113 / 112 70 / 76 64 / 69 8 / 8 80 77 64 0.44 / 0.10
Ecuador 41 68.3 / 73.5 210 134 / 119 84 / 86 50 / 50 7 / 10 66 66 52 0.37 / 0.08
Paraguay 37 68.6 / 73.1 170 112 / 109 71 / 74 46 / 48 5 / 8 75 57 48 0.13 / 0.04
Peru 37 67.3 / 72.4 240 125 / 121 72 / 67 5 / 14 53 64 41 0.39 / 0.17
Uruguay 13 71.6 / 78.9 50 109 / 108 94 / 97 75 / 90 3 / 2 70 0.41 / 0.21
Venezuela 19 70.9 / 76.7 43 90 / 93 49 / 64 33 / 46 7 / 7 95 49 38 0.65 / 0.15
 
Northern America (17) 7 74.7 / 80.5 11 46 76 71
Canada 5 76.2 / 81.8 6 103 / 101 105 / 105 19 75 73 0.29 / 0.07
United States of America 7 74.6 / 80.4 12 102 / 101 98 / 97 49 76 71 0.50 / 0.23
 
Oceania 24 72.0 / 76.9 260 7 39 65 61
Australia-New Zealand 5 76.2 / 81.8 8 10 76 72
Australia (18) 5 76.4 / 82.0 6 10 101 / 101 150 / 155 18 76 72 0.14 / 0.02
Melanesia (19) 52 59.5 / 61.9 310
New Caledonia 7 72.5 / 77.7 10 127 / 123 95 / 106 31
New Zealand 6 75.3 / 80.7 15 10 101 / 101 110 / 116 31 75 72 0.05 / 0.02
Papua New Guinea 62 56.8 / 58.7 390 87 / 74 65 / 67 17 / 11 29 / 42 84 26 20 0.08 / 0.25
Vanuatu 29 67.5 / 70.5 32 101 / 94 89 / 85 23 / 18 54
 
Countries with Economies in Transition of the Former USSR (20)
Armenia 15 70.3 / 76.2 29 87 / 91 100 100 / 79 1 / 2 32
Azerbaijan 29 68.7 / 75.5 37 108 / 105 93 73 / 81 26
Belarus 12 62.8 / 74.4 33 100 / 96 98 / 98 91 / 95 0 / 1 29 50 42 0.40 / 0.19
Georgia 18 69.5 / 77.6 22 89 / 88 98 78 / 76 33 41 20
Kazakhstan 42 59.6 / 70.7 80 97 / 98 92 82 / 91 45 66 53 0.07 / ..
Kyrgyzstan 37 64.8 / 72.3 80 105 / 103 97 75 / 83 29 60 49
Republic of Moldova 20 62.8 / 70.3 65 98 / 97 93 / 97 79 / 82 0 / 2 43 74 50 0.28 / 0.11
Russian Federation 17 60.0 / 72.5 75 108 / 107 96 / 97 83 / 91 0 / 1 32 73 53 0.25 / 0.12
Tajikistan 53 65.2 / 70.8 120 96 / 94 83 / 74 0 / 1 24
Turkmenistan 49 63.9 / 70.4 65 18
Ukraine 15 62.7 / 73.5 45 87 / 86 88 / 94 0 / 0 39 68 38 1.29 / 0.79
Uzbekistan 37 66.8 / 72.5 60 79 / 76 100 / 88 6 / 15 51 56 51

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