Urban Compared with Rural Poverty
- Urban workers' livelihoods depend on access (both social and physical) to jobs.
- The ability of the urban informal sector to absorb the unemployed is limited.
- The urban poor are more vulnerable to changes in market conditions.
- Female-headed households, the most vulnerable of the poor, are more common in cities.
- The urban poor tend to pay more for services.
- City dwellers tend to favour higher quality or more convenient foods, which are
generally more expensive.
- The urban poor share fewer communal assets that could shield them from individual
circumstances (e.g., health conditions, employer decisions).
- Urban exchange is more monetized, making assets and credit availability more important.
- Exposure to environmental risks (pathogens and toxins) is greater in cities.