Core International Human Rights Instruments

Resource date: 2004

There are seven core international human rights treaties. Each of these treaties has established a committee of experts to monitor implementation of the treaty provisions by its States parties. Some of the treaties are supplemented by optional protocols dealing with specific concerns.

Treaty Date
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) 1965
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) 1966
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) 1966
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) 1979
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) 1984
Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) 1989
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICMRW) 1990

Treaty bodies

There are seven human rights treaty bodies that monitor implementation of the core international human rights treaties :

Other International Conference Documents and Meetings Relevant to UNFPA's work

Consensus Document/Meeting DATE
Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women 1993
World Conference on Human Rights, Declaration and Programme of Action (‘Vienna Declaration') 1993
International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD or Cairo Consensus) 1994
Fourth World Conference on Women (Also, FWCW or ‘Beijing'), Declaration and Platform for Action 1995
Glen Cove Meeting: Human rights approaches to women's health with a focus on sexual and reproductive health and rights 1996
United Nations Programme for Reform
 
1997
International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights (last revised 2002) 1998
Millennium Declaration and Development Goals 2000
UN World Conference Against Racism 2001
An Agenda for Further Change (Followup to the 1997 UN Programme for Reform) 2001
Glen Cove + 5: Application of Human Rights to Sexual and Reproductive Health 2001
The Second Interagency Workshop on Implementing a Human Rights-based Approach in the Context of UN Reform 2003