Resources on Female genital mutilation

UNFPA and The Guardian are launching the Efua Dorkenoo Pan African Award for Reportage on FGM for journalists reporting on FGM across Africa.

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The practice of FGM/C is recognized as a violation of the human rights of girls and women, which are codified in several international and regional treaties. Since the 1990s, a growing number of African countries have established legal measures prohibiting the practice of FGM/C. In 2010 and 2011, Kenya, Uganda and Guinea- Bissau joined 21 other countries that had already passed legislation criminalizing the practice.

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UNFPA is mobilizing midwives in the prevention of FGM and care for its consequences through a joint initiative in the context of the UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme on FGM/C and the UNFPA Midwifery Programme. Building on the expertise and networks of the two global programmes, UNFPA will empower midwives to serve as role models, counselors and advocates in the campaign to end FGM.

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UNFPA addresses the practice of female genital cutting (FGC) not only because of its harmful impact on the reproductive and sexual health of women, but also because it is a violation of women's fundamental human rights. Targeted messages about the dangers of FGC are directed to parents, teachers and community leaders through various communication channels. Another important target of communications and other activities are midwives, who are the main practitioners of FGC. To build support among this group, projects to eradicate FGC often offer an alternative income-generating component to help practitioners maintain their livelihoods. UNFPA also supports policy and legal reforms, as well as research about the scope and the consequences of the practice.

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