Overview

The Programme of Action agreed to at the International Conference on Population and Development, along with benchmarks added at the ICPD+5 review, inform the eight Millennium Development Goals (derived from Millennium Summit). These mutually reinforcing development blueprints guide UNFPA in its efforts to improve lives, support reproductive health and rights, and advance gender equality. They will also inform the post-2015 development agenda.

ICPD — International Conference on Population and Development

The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo was a milestone in the history of population and development, as well as in the history of women's rights. At the conference the world agreed that population is not just about counting people, but about making sure that every person counts.

ICPD delegates reached a consensus that the equality and empowerment of women is a global priority. It approached this not only from the perspective of universal human rights, but also as an essential step towards eradicating poverty and stabilizing population growth. A woman’s ability to access reproductive health and rights is cornerstone of her empowerment. It is also the key to sustainable development.

A total of 179 governments signed up to the ICPD Programme of Action which set out to

  • Provide universal access to family planning and sexual and reproductive health services and reproductive rights;
  • Deliver gender equality, empowerment of women and equal access to education for girls;
  • Address the individual, social and economic impact of urbanization and migration;
  • Support sustainable development and address environmental issues associated with population changes

The programme of action and benchmarks added at the ICPD +5 review went on to inform the eight Millennium Development Goals.

 ICPD Beyond 2014

The ICPD Beyond 2014 Review is an opportunity to influence the future of global population and development policy at national, regional and global levels.

It provides a once in a generation chance to define what needs to be done to deliver a more equal, more sustainable world for the 7 billion people - and more - who share it.

The Review will identify progress and achievements towards the goals set out in the landmark International Conference on Population and Development, when 179 governments committed to a 20-year Programme of Action to deliver human rights-based development.

Evidence of what has worked and where challenges remain will be collected from governments, civil society organizations and partners using the ICPD Global Survey, civil society consultations and a series of thematic conferences.

The Beyond 2014 Review process will engage world leaders from governments and civil society and create a renewed consensus and global commitment to create a more equal and more sustainable world.

The MDGs and the post-2015 development agenda

At the Millennium Summit in 2000, 189 Member States agreed to help the world's poorest countries significantly by the year 2015. A framework for progress consisting of eight Millennium Development Goals  was derived from the Millennium Declaration adopted by these world leaders.

The MDGs serve as a time-bound, achievable blueprint for reducing poverty and improving lives agreed to by all countries and all leading development institutions. They guide and focus development priorities for governments, donors and practitioner agencies worldwide.

As the 2015 target for achievement of the MDGs approaches, the UN system is working on a comprehensive followup programme.  UNFPA is working with a broad coalition of partners to ensure that the principles of the ICPD, including its emphasis on the right of all individuals to sexual and reproductive health, remain at the core of any future development agenda.