Condoms play a special role in combating the spread of HIV/AIDS because they are presently the only devices that protect against sexually transmitted HIV. However, high costs to users, limited availability and accessibility, and negative perceptions of condoms have created a gap between the number of condoms distributed and the amount needed for populations to protect themselves from HIV/STIs. Improved condom programming can help close the gap in condom supply and use, and reduce the spread of HIV.
The goal of condom programming is to ensure that sexually active persons at risk of HIV/STIs are motivated to use condoms, have easy access to quality condoms, and can use them consistently and correctly. It addresses the supply of and demand for condoms as well as the political, sociocultural, and economic environment. This manual outlines a seven-step process to improve the effectiveness of existing condom programmes or to create a new condom programme. It is designed to give managers practical and specific advice on condom programming.