A Five-Year Review of Progress Towards the Implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development

A background paper prepared by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) for The Hague Forum

The Hague, Netherlands
8-12 February 1999

Note: In the text of this paper, the designations "developed" and "developing" countries and "more developed" and "less developed" countries and regions are intended for convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the development process.

NOT FOR PUBLICATION OR QUOTATION

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T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S

List of Acronyms and Abbreviations

Executive Summary

I. Introduction

Background

Global Population and Demographic Situation

Regional Population and Demographic Situation

II. Creating an Enabling Environment

Formulating or Revising National Population and Development Policies

Establishing Institutional Mechanisms

Strengthening Information, Education and Communication Programmes

Implementing Regional Initiatives to Promote Population and Development

Constraints

Further Action Required

III. Gender Equality, Equity and Empowerment of Women

Incorporating a Gender Perspective

Changing the Environment

Strengthening Institutions

Advocating a Rights-based Approach

Protecting the Girl Child

Emphasizing Male Responsibility and Partnership

Constraints

Further Action Required

IV. Reproductive Health, Including Family Planning and Sexual Health, and Reproductive Rights

Developing Reproductive Health Policies after Cairo

Implementing Quality Sexual and Reproductive Health Programmes

Increasing Access to Reproductive Health Services

Addressing Components of Reproductive Health

Further Action Required

V. Building Partnerships

Forging Partnerships with the Non-Governmental Sector

Creating an Enabling Environment for Partnership in Policy Formulation and Programme Implementation and Monitoring

Strengthening the Human Resource and Institutional Capacity of Civil Society for Effective Partnership

Promoting Partnerships with the Private Sector

Recognizing the Unique Role of Parliamentarians

Strengthening Collaboration among United Nations and Inter-governmental Organizations

Constraints

Further Action Required

VI. Mobilization of Required Resources for Implementing the ICPD Programme of Action

The Costed ICPD Reproductive Health and Population Package: Donor Response

The Costed ICPD Reproductive Health and Population Package: Developing Countries

The Role of the Private Sector

The Role of Non-Governmental Organizations and Private Foundations

Sector Investment Programmes and Sector-Wide Approaches

Resources for the Broader ICPD Goals

Recent Advances in Development Partnerships

Constraints

Further Action Required

Selected References

End Notes

Tables

Table 3.1 Parliamentary seats held by women, 1 January 1997
Table 6.1 Trends in Total External Population Assistance, 1990-1997
Table 6.2 Official development assistance (ODA) of donor countries, 1990-1997

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