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Who Funds Population Activities?
Where is the Money Going?
Which Countries Benefit Most From Population Assistance?
How Much are Countries Mobilizing for Population Activities?
How Much do We Need?

For more information, please visit the UNFPA/UNAIDS/NIDI Resource Flows Web Site at www.resourceflows.org
Why Fund Population Activities
Population dynamics and reproductive health are central to development and must be an integral part of development planning and poverty reduction strategies. Promoting the goals of the United Nations Conferences, including those of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), is vital for laying the foundation to reduce poverty in many of the poorest countries.
What Will it Take to Achieve the ICPD Objectives
At the ICPD in 1994, the international community agreed that US $17 billion would be needed in 2000 and $18.5 billion in 2005 to finance programmes in the area of population dynamics, reproductive health, including family planning, maternal health and the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, as well as programmes that address the collection, analysis and dissemination of population data. Two thirds of the required amount would be mobilized by developing countries them selves and one third, $6.1 billion in 2005, was to come from the international community.
Were Are We Now?
We did not reach our goal: in 2000, donors mobilized only $2.6 billion, approximately 46 per cent of the Cairo target. By 2004, international population assistance increased to $5.6 billion. Estimates for 2005 show that donors provided $6.9 billion, while those for 2006 show that donors contributed $7.8 billion to population activities. To the extent that donors have lived up to their stated future commitments, thanks in large part to the increase in funding for HIV/AIDS, it appears that the 2005 target will be surpassed. The real concern is whether these amounts will be sufficient to meet family planning and reproductive health needs, given that most of the increase is due to HIV/AIDS funding.
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