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Preventing HIV Infection
Strategic Guidance
on HIV/AIDS Prevention
Purpose of the Guidance Note
Strategic Orientation for UNFPA Action
Integrating HIV/AIDS Issues into the Country Programming Process
Country Situations
Core Support
Creating an Enabling Environment for HIV Prevention
Advances in New Technologies and Issues
The Way Forward
ICPD+5 Goals
Regional HIV/AIDS Statistics
Strategic Orientation for UNFPA Action

Rationale for Emphasis on Prevention
Framework for Strategic Programming
Decision Making Process

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Framework for Strategic Programming

UNFPA has learned much from its efforts over the last decade to prevent HIV infections through various programme strategies including: advocacy for strengthening political commitment; IEC and efforts especially oriented towards behaviour change among young people; condom programming to improve access to and use of male and female condoms; and training of service providers at various levels.

UNFPA will continue to build on the opportunities it has created through integrating HIV prevention in its reproductive health and population development programmes and projects.

However, in an effort to strategically prioritize efforts around the Fund’s niche, UNFPA will, for the period 2001-20053, concentrate its support in three core areas:

  • Preventing HIV infections in young people;

  • Condom (both male and female) programming in the context of STI/HIV prevention; and

  • Preventing HIV infections in pregnant women.

Focusing programme efforts in these core areas would not only reduce the rates of HIV infections but also significantly reduce the risk of other STIs and, particularly among young people, unintended pregnancies, which are also important aspects of UNFPA’s mandate.

In addition to these priority areas and to ensure that a supportive and enabling environment exists for prevention, the following cross-cutting issues need to be considered:

  • The mainstreaming of gender concerns — gender equality and equity issues, including the empowerment of women and promotion of male responsibility;

  • Population development concerns — population and socio-cultural information and data on sexual behaviour patterns that influence STI/HIV transmission; population and socio-economic projections and socioeconomic impact of HIV/AIDS; and integration of HIV-prevention issues into population and population-related policy development and implementation;

  • Advocacy and partnerships for HIV prevention; and

  • Capacity building

In the development and execution of country programmes, UNFPA country offices should consider the three core areas within the framework of the enabling environment. (See framework diagram below)

UNFPA strategic programming framework:
UNFPA strategic programming framework

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